Chpt. 12, Peoples of the Americas and Oceania Flashcards Preview

Barron's AP World > Chpt. 12, Peoples of the Americas and Oceania > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt. 12, Peoples of the Americas and Oceania Deck (17):
1

Maya

the people who lived on the Yucatan Peninsula from roughly 200 to 900 AD; they preceded the Toltecs and Aztecs; they were fairly technologically advanced, developing complex mathematical and astronomical calculations

2

Toltecs

just west of the prior Mayan civilization, they were the center of power in Mesoamerica from roughly 950 to 1,200 AD

3

Aztecs

following the Maya and Toltecs, they were the center of power in Mesoamerica from around 1,300 AD, to 1519 AD

4

Tikal

the capital city of the Maya

5

Chichen Itza

the ceremonial center of Mayan civilization, it featured massive truncated pyramids and temples dedicated to their gods

6

glyphs

symbols representing either words or syllables

7

Popol Vuh

a book of the Mayans; in this is the Mayan creation story

8

Lake Texcoco

a lake in central Mexico where the Aztecs settled and built their capital, believing that a sign from the gods had indicated it to them as the right spot

9

Triple Alliance

by the middle of the 15th century, the Aztecs had solidified power, and created this with the neighboring states of Tlacopan and Texcoco

10

the Aztec fall

the violent habits of the Aztec led to the weakening of their rule under Montezuma 2; several provinces rose up in protest, and internal issues had already debilitated the empire by the time the Spaniards arrived in 1519

11

Quechua

what the Incas were called; "Inca" was actually the term that the people used to refer to their rulers

12

Lake Titicaca

around 1,200, the Chucuito (a predecessor of the Inca) occupied the Andes highlands around here

13

Pachacuti

the ruler of the Incas from 1438 to 1471 that grew them into an empire

14

Cuzco

the capital of the Inca empire

15

parallel descent

the Inca system of inheritance, in which daughters inherited from their mothers, and sons from their fathers

16

Machu Pichu

a possible religious center of the Inca Empire whose ruins were discovered high in the Andes by Hiram Bingham in 1912

17

civil war

about 1525, civil war broke out in the Inca Empire between the previous emperor's two sons; this greatly weakened the Inca Empire, making it vulnerable to European incursion