Chpt. 8, Africa and Islam Flashcards Preview

AP World Learning > Chpt. 8, Africa and Islam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt. 8, Africa and Islam Deck (18):
1

stateless society

African societies organized around kinship or other forms of obligation and lacking the concentration of political power and authority associated with nations

2

Ifriqiya

the Arabic term for eastern north Africa

3

Maghrib

the Arabic word for western north Africa

4

Almohadis

a reformist movement among the Islamic Berbers of northern Africa; later than the Almoravids; penetrated into sub-Saharan Africa

5

juula

Malinke merchants; formed small partnerships to carry out trade throughout the Mali Empire; eventually spread throughout much of west Africa

6

Sundiata

the “Lion Prince”; a member of the Keita clan; created a unified state that became the Mali Empire; died around 1260

7

griots

professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings within the Mali Empire

8

Timbuktu

a port city in Mali; located just off the flood plain on the great bend in the Niger River; population of 50,000; contained a library and university

9

Songhay (aka Songhai)

a successor state to Mali; dominated the middle reaches of the Niger valley; reached imperial status under Sunni Ali; rose up in 1403, and succumbed in 1591 to a Moroccan force in possession of gunpowerder and cannons

10

Muhammad the Great

extended the boundaries of the Songhay Empire; Islamic ruler of the mid-16th century

11

Hausa

peoples of northern Nigeria; formed states following the demise of the Songhay Empire that combined Muslim and pagan traditions

12

Sharia

Islamic law; defined among other things the patrilineal nature of Islamic inheritance

13

zenj

the Arabic term for the east African coast

14

demography

the study of population

15

demographic transition

the shift to a low birth rate and low infant death rates, created more stable population; first emerged in western Europe and the United States in the 19th century; some demographers believe that this is part of the process of shifting from an agrarian to an industrial society

16

Benin

a powerful city-state which came into contact with the Portuguese in 1485 but remained relatively free of European influence; important commercial and political entity until the 19th century

17

Kongo

a kingdom based on agriculture that formed on the lower Congo River by the late 15th century, with its capital at Mbanza Kongo; ruled by hereditary monarchy

18

Great Zimbabwe

a Bantu confederation of Shona-speaking peoples located between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers; developed after the 9th century; featured royal courts built of stone; created centralized state by the 15th century; its king took the title of Mwene Mutapa