Chpt. 8, Africa and Islam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chpt. 8, Africa and Islam Deck (18)
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1
Q

stateless society

A

African societies organized around kinship or other forms of obligation and lacking the concentration of political power and authority associated with nations

2
Q

Ifriqiya

A

the Arabic term for eastern north Africa

3
Q

Maghrib

A

the Arabic word for western north Africa

4
Q

Almohadis

A

a reformist movement among the Islamic Berbers of northern Africa; later than the Almoravids; penetrated into sub-Saharan Africa

5
Q

juula

A

Malinke merchants; formed small partnerships to carry out trade throughout the Mali Empire; eventually spread throughout much of west Africa

6
Q

Sundiata

A

the “Lion Prince”; a member of the Keita clan; created a unified state that became the Mali Empire; died around 1260

7
Q

griots

A

professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings within the Mali Empire

8
Q

Timbuktu

A

a port city in Mali; located just off the flood plain on the great bend in the Niger River; population of 50,000; contained a library and university

9
Q

Songhay (aka Songhai)

A

a successor state to Mali; dominated the middle reaches of the Niger valley; reached imperial status under Sunni Ali; rose up in 1403, and succumbed in 1591 to a Moroccan force in possession of gunpowerder and cannons

10
Q

Muhammad the Great

A

extended the boundaries of the Songhay Empire; Islamic ruler of the mid-16th century

11
Q

Hausa

A

peoples of northern Nigeria; formed states following the demise of the Songhay Empire that combined Muslim and pagan traditions

12
Q

Sharia

A

Islamic law; defined among other things the patrilineal nature of Islamic inheritance

13
Q

zenj

A

the Arabic term for the east African coast

14
Q

demography

A

the study of population

15
Q

demographic transition

A

the shift to a low birth rate and low infant death rates, created more stable population; first emerged in western Europe and the United States in the 19th century; some demographers believe that this is part of the process of shifting from an agrarian to an industrial society

16
Q

Benin

A

a powerful city-state which came into contact with the Portuguese in 1485 but remained relatively free of European influence; important commercial and political entity until the 19th century

17
Q

Kongo

A

a kingdom based on agriculture that formed on the lower Congo River by the late 15th century, with its capital at Mbanza Kongo; ruled by hereditary monarchy

18
Q

Great Zimbabwe

A

a Bantu confederation of Shona-speaking peoples located between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers; developed after the 9th century; featured royal courts built of stone; created centralized state by the 15th century; its king took the title of Mwene Mutapa