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Flashcards in Christianity Section 4 Deck (33):

Recite quotes for 1.4.1 Origins and Value of the Universe
"God blessed them and said to them 'be fruitful and ......... ........ .........; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the ........ of the sea and the ......... of the air and over every living thing ......... .......... on the ground."
"God said '........... ........ ....... ........' and there was light."

"God blessed them and said to them 'be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living thing that moves on the ground.'"
"God said 'let there be light' and there was light."


What 3 ways have Christians reacted to scientific cosmology?

Creationism - says science is wrong and evidence can be explained by the apparent age theory, and they believe God created the world in the way described in the Bible
Intelligent design - the universe depends on so many parts and is so complex to have happened by chance
Compatibility response - Big Bang and God are compatible because God could have created the Big Bang and everything about the earth


What does Christianity teach about the value of the universe?

Humans have a responsibility to treat animals and the land kindly
Christians should leave the earth in a better place than when they found it
There will be a judgement day when we will be judged on how we fulfilled our duty to preserve the earth


Recite quotes for 1.4.2 The Sanctity of Life
"God created mankind .... ....... ....... ......."
"Do you not know that ....... ...... is a temple of the ......... ......... who is within you?"
"Someone who ......... ......... ....... is not guilty of murder."
"Love your ........ and pray for those who ............. ....."

"God created mankind in his own image."
"Do you not know that your body is a temple of the holy spirit who is in you?"
"Someone who defends his life is not guilty of murder."
"Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you."


How does the Bible teach that life is precious? Name 3 ways.

The Bible says:
Only humans have a soul because only humans were made in God's image.
The special nature is shown in the 10 Commandments ("You shall not murder.")
St Paul said the body is a temple of the holy spirit and life is sacred because God's spirit is in humans.


What areas do the sanctity of life overlap and what do Christians say about this?

Killing in self defence - The Catechism says killing in self defence is not murder; the sanctity of one's own life is more important than others.
Killing in war - Many Christians are pacifists, but many will fight in Just War as the Catechism says they need to protect the innocent from the aggressors.
Capital punishment - Many Christians disagree with capital punishment, but some say it can be used as traditional churches allow it.


Non religious people say life is precious as well, but they base it off of the UN Declaration of Human Rights. What do they say about the sanctity of life?

Everyone has a right to life so taking life is wrong.
Killing in self defence is acceptable if it is the only option.
Fighting in war is acceptable as it preserves other lives.
The death penalty is wrong as you can't be sure that it is the correct verdict.


Recite quotes for 1.4.3 The Origins and Value of Human Life
"God created .......... ........ and let them develop according to the .......... ....... he gave to ........ ......."
"In the image of ........ ....... ......... ......"

"God created human beings and let them develop according to the internal laws that he gave to each one."
"In the image of God he created them."


What does Charles Darwin's theory say about the origin of human life?

The Earth formed about 4.5 billion years ago.
The combination of gases eventually formed primitive life forms.
The genetic structure of the offspring had slight differences from their parents (mutation).
The offspring were better suited to the environment so were more likely to survive.
Over millions of years this led to vegetation, invertebrates, vertebrates and then about 2.5 million years ago, humans.


Where do we find evidence for evolution?

Fossil records
Genetics between species
Genetics between animals and vegetation e.g humans and cabbages.


How does evolution cause problems for Christians?

Evolution challenges the Bible as Genesis is wrong is evolution is correct.
If humans were not created by God the purpose of life is up to humans.
If evolution is true there was no fall of man or original sin so there is no need for salvation.
The belief humans have a soul can't be true if they came from natural selection.


How do Christians respond to evolution?

Creationist Christians reject evolution, and that fossils are remains after Noah's flood.
Some believe life is too complex to have evolved so must have required divine help.
Many Christians believe the way God made the universe was bound to result in evolution and the development of humans because of the laws of science and natural selection.


Recite quotes for 1.4.4 The Issue of Abortion
"Human life must be ........ and ........... absolutely from the moment of ............"
"Abortion is ............... ........... to ........ ....."

"Human life must be respected and protected absolutely from the moment of conception."
"Abortion is gravely contrary to moral law."


What do Catholic and Evangelical Christians say about abortion?

They are both PRO-LIFE and teach abortion is wrong in any circumstance because:
Life is holy and belongs to God
Life begins at conception so abortion is murder
Every person has a right to life


What do Liberal protestants say about abortion?

They are PRO-CHOICE and believe it is wrong but must be allowed for certain circumstances:
Jesus told Christians to love their neighbours and themselves, and the abortion may be the most loving option
Life doesn't begin until a foetus is capable of surviving outside the mother's body
The sanctity of life can be broken through things like Just Wars so why not in an abortion when the mother is at risk.


What do atheists and humanists say about abortion?

Most agree with abortion because:
A foetus can't be considered as a separate life until it is capable of living outside the mother
A woman should have the right to choose what she wants to do with her own body
Abortion should be an automatic right for women who have been raped or subjected to incest or pedophilia


Recite quotes for 1.4.5 Death and the Afterlife
"God, who is rich in ........, made us alive ........ ........ even when we were dead in ............."
"Whoever believes in me will not ........... but have ........ ........"
"Today you will be ...... .......... ......... .........."

"God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions."
"Whoever believes in me will not perish but have eternal life."
"Today you will be with me in paradise."


Why do all Christians believe in the afterlife?

Jesus rose from the dead
St Paul teaches that people will have a resurrection like Jesus
Jesus taught he would come again at the end of the world for a final judgement
The Creeds teach that Jesus rose and that there is a life after death
Many Christians believe the soul leaves the body after death to live with God (immortality of the soul)


Why do some non religious people believe in life after death?

The paranormal - eg near death experiences
Remembered lives (reincarnation)
Comfort - impossible to believe someone is gone forever
Logic - good and bad afterlife makes sense in justice terms


Recite quotes for 1.4.6 Non-religious Arguments Against Life After Death
"For Christ also suffered once ...... ......., the .............. for the .............., to bring you to God. He was put to death ..... ....... ........ but made alive .... ....... ........."

"For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the spirit."


Why do atheists and humanists reject religious arguments for life after death?

Different religions have different beliefs on LAD but if the idea was true then they would believe the same thing.
Religious evidence comes from holy books but it's impossible for a non believer to decide which book is from God.
They believe the resurrection of Jesus isn't based on sufficient evidence as the many accounts contradict each other.


Why do people not believe that there can be life after death?

Life after death depends on a God and they do not believe in God
Beliefs in life after death often say the soul or mind can survive without the body but science says the mind is totally dependent on the brain
There is no proven place where life after death can take place


How do Christians respond to non-religious arguments?

Christianity is the one true religion so the Bible and what it says can be relied on
The disciples would have known if the resurrection happened and they wouldn't have risked their lives for something that wasn't true
Heaven is a spiritual dimension


Recite quotes for 1.4.7 Euthanasia
"DIscontinuing medical procedures ... .... ...........; it is the refusal of .......... .......... treatment."

"Discontinuing medical procedures can be legitimate; it is the refusal of 'over-zealous' treatment."


What do most Christians say about Euthanasia?

They believe that assisted suicide, voluntary and non voluntary euthanasia is wrong but passive euthanasia isn't because:
The sanctity of life means it is up to God not humans
Euthanasia is forbidden as it is murder
Switching off life support is accepting what God decides
It is acceptable to not give extraordinary treatment as it may affect the dignity of dying


What do some Christians say (Evangelical protestants) about Euthanasia?

They regard ALL euthanasia as wrong because:
Switching off life support is a human ending life not God
Life is created by God and should be ended by God


What do some Liberal Christians say about Euthanasia?

Some agree with euthanasia in some circumstances such as living wills because they give people a chance to be in control of what doctors are doing to them which is a human right.


What do atheists and humanists say about euthanasia?

Some want it to remain illegal because:
There is always doubt if it is what the person actually wants
The disease may not be terminal, a cure could be found or they might go into remission
It is the role of doctors to save life not take it

Some want it to be legalised because:
If doctors can stop treatment or stop life support, why can't they end life in a painless way
Advances in medicine have led to people being kept alive when their quality of life is very poor


Recite quotes for 1.4.8 The Natural World
"Man's dominion over .......... and other ........... ......... granted by the creator is not absolute."
"Everything that ...... and ........ will be food for you."

"Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the creator is not absolute."
"Everything that lives and moves will be food for you."


Name 3 threats to the environment.

Global warming
Finite resources


What are the Christian responses to threats to the environment?

They believe they should leave the earth in a better state than when they arrived, so they try to:
Reduce pollution - recycling, stopping litter etc
Reduce global warming - using energy efficient tech, opposing deforestation etc
Reduce the scarce resources - recycling, using renewable resources etc


Why do some Christians oppose the use of animals for food and research?

All animals are made by God so are just as valuable as humans
Using animals for food is a waste of resources
The benefits of animals for research are not justified by the cruelty involved
Jesus' teachings imply that animals are valuable to God


Why do some Christians support the use of animals for food and research?

Only humans were made in the image of God
Genesis says God put mankind in charge of animals to use for human benefit
Animal testing has produced vaccines which have wiped out deadly diseases
The use of animals for food is why God produced the food chain