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Flashcards in Citizenship Deck (100):
1

What is the supreme law of the land?

The constitution

2

What does the Constitution do?

▪ sets up the government
▪ defines the government
▪ protects basic rights of Americans

3

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

We the people

4

What is an amendment?

▪ a change (to the Constitution)
▪ an addition (to the Constitution)

5

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

The bill of rights

6

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

Religion
Speech
Assembly

7

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

27

8

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain

9

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

Life
Liberty
Pursuit of happiness

10

What is freedom of religion?

You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion

11

What is the economic system in the United States?

Capitalist economy
Market economy

12

What is the "rule of law"?

▪ Everyone must follow the law.
▪ Leaders must obey the law.
▪ Government must obey the law.
▪ No one is above the law.

13

Name 1 branch of government

▪ Congress
▪ legislative
▪ President
▪ executive
▪ the courts
▪ judicial

14

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

Checks and balances
Separation of powers

15

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

The president

16

Who makes federal laws?

▪ Congress
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature

17

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

Senate and House of Representatives

18

How many U.S. Senators are there?

100

19

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

6

20

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?

Jerry Moran

21

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

435

22

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

2

23

Name your US representative

Roger Marshall

24

Who does U.S senator represent?

All people of the state

25

Why do some state have more representatives than others ?

▪ (because of) the state’s population
▪ (because) they have more people
▪ (because) some states have more people

26

We elect a president for how many years?

4

27

In what month do we vote for president

November

28

Who is the president of the US now?

Donald Trump

29

Who is the Vice President now?

Mike Pence

30

If the president can't serve who takes his place?

Vice President

31

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

The speaker of the house

32

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

The president

33

Who signs bills to become laws?

The president

34

Who vetoes bills?

The president

35

What does the presidents cabinet do?

Advises the president

36

What are 2 cabinet level positions?

▪ Secretary of Defense
▪ Secretary of Education
▪ Secretary of Energy
▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services

37

What does the judicial branch do?

▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)
▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38

What is the highest court in the United States?

Supreme Court

39

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

9

40

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

John Roberts

41

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
government?

Print money
Declare war
Create army

42

What is one power of the states

▪ provide schooling and education
▪ provide protection (police)
▪ provide safety (fire departments)
▪ give a driver’s license
▪ approve zoning and land use

43

Who is the governor of Kansas?

Sam Brownback

44

What is the capital of Kansas?

Topeka

45

What are 2 major political parties in the US?

Democrat and republican

46

What is the political party of the president now?

Republican

47

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

Paul Ryan

48

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

All citizens can vote
18 and over

49

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?

Serve on a jury

50

Name one right only for United States citizens

Vote in a federal election

51

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

Freedom of speech
Freedom of expression

52

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

The flag
The US

53

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

Give up loyalty to other countries
Obey the laws of the US

54

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?

18 and older

55

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

▪ vote
▪ join a political party
▪ help with a campaign
▪ join a civic group

56

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

April 15

57

When must all men register for the Selective Service?

▪ at age eighteen (18)
▪ between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

58

What is one reason colonists came to America?

Freedom
Religious freedom

59

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

American Indians
Native Americans

60

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

Africans

61

Why did the colonists fight the British?

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
▪ because they didn’t have self-government

62

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

63

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

July 4, 1776

64

Name 3 of the 13 original states

▪ New Hampshire
▪ Massachusetts
▪ Rhode Island
▪ Connecticut
▪ New York
▪ New Jersey

65

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

Constitution was written

66

When was the constitution written?

1787

67

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

James Madison

68

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

▪ U.S. diplomat
▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention

69

Who is the father of our country?

George Washington

70

Who was the first president

George Washington

71

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

Louisiana

72

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

▪ War of 1812
▪ Mexican-American War
▪ Civil War
▪ Spanish-American War

73

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South

The civil war

74

Name one problem that led to the civil war

▪ slavery
▪ economic reasons
▪ states’ rights

75

What was one important thing Abraham Lincoln did?

▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
▪ saved (or preserved) the Union
▪ led the United States during the Civil War

76

What did the emancipation proclamation do?

▪ freed the slaves
▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy
▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states
▪ freed slaves in most Southern states

77

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

▪ fought for women’s rights
▪ fought for civil rights

78

Name 1 war fought by the US in the 1900s

▪ World War I
▪ World War II
▪ Korean War
▪ Vietnam War
▪ (Persian) Gulf War

79

Who was president during WWI

Woodrow Wilson

80

Who was president during the great depression and WWII

Franklin D. Roosevelt

81

Who did the US fight in WWII

Japan, Germany, and Italy

82

What war was Eisenhower in?

WWII

83

What was the main concern of the US during the Cold War?

Communism

84

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

Civil rights

85

What did MLK JR. do?

Fought for civil rights

86

What happened in the US on September 11, 2001

Terrorist attack

87

Name an American Indian tribe in the US

Cherokee

88

Name one of the 2 longest rivers in the US

Mississippi
Missouri

89

What ocean is on the west coast of the US

Pacific

90

What ocean is on the east coast of the US

Atlantic

91

Name one US territory

▪ Puerto Rico
▪ U.S. Virgin Islands
▪ American Samoa

92

Name a state that borders Canada

▪ Maine
▪ New Hampshire
▪ Vermont
▪ New York

93

Name one state that borders Mexico

▪ California
▪ Arizona
▪ New Mexico

94

What is the capital of the US

Washington, D.C.

95

Where is the Statue of Liberty?

New York

96

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

The 13 original colonies

97

Why does the flag have 50 stars?

50 states

98

What is the name of the National Anthem

Star spangled banner

99

When do we celebrate Independence Day

July 4

100

Name two national U.S. holidays.

▪ New Year’s Day
▪ Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
▪ Presidents’ Day
▪ Memorial Day
▪ Independence Day