Flashcards in Citizenship Deck (100):
What is the supreme law of the land?
What does the Constitution do?
▪ sets up the government
▪ defines the government
▪ protects basic rights of Americans
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
We the people
What is an amendment?
▪ a change (to the Constitution)
▪ an addition (to the Constitution)
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
The bill of rights
What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
Pursuit of happiness
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion
What is the economic system in the United States?
What is the "rule of law"?
▪ Everyone must follow the law.
▪ Leaders must obey the law.
▪ Government must obey the law.
▪ No one is above the law.
Name 1 branch of government
▪ the courts
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Checks and balances
Separation of powers
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Who makes federal laws?
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
Senate and House of Representatives
How many U.S. Senators are there?
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
Name your US representative
Who does U.S senator represent?
All people of the state
Why do some state have more representatives than others ?
▪ (because of) the state’s population
▪ (because) they have more people
▪ (because) some states have more people
We elect a president for how many years?
In what month do we vote for president
Who is the president of the US now?
Who is the Vice President now?
If the president can't serve who takes his place?
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The speaker of the house
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
Who signs bills to become laws?
Who vetoes bills?
What does the presidents cabinet do?
Advises the president
What are 2 cabinet level positions?
▪ Secretary of Defense
▪ Secretary of Education
▪ Secretary of Energy
▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services
What does the judicial branch do?
▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)
▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution
What is the highest court in the United States?
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
What is one power of the states
▪ provide schooling and education
▪ provide protection (police)
▪ provide safety (fire departments)
▪ give a driver’s license
▪ approve zoning and land use
Who is the governor of Kansas?
What is the capital of Kansas?
What are 2 major political parties in the US?
Democrat and republican
What is the political party of the president now?
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
All citizens can vote
18 and over
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
Serve on a jury
Name one right only for United States citizens
Vote in a federal election
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
Freedom of speech
Freedom of expression
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
Give up loyalty to other countries
Obey the laws of the US
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
18 and older
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
▪ join a political party
▪ help with a campaign
▪ join a civic group
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
▪ at age eighteen (18)
▪ between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
What is one reason colonists came to America?
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Why did the colonists fight the British?
▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
▪ because they didn’t have self-government
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
Name 3 of the 13 original states
▪ New Hampshire
▪ Rhode Island
▪ New York
▪ New Jersey
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
Constitution was written
When was the constitution written?
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
▪ U.S. diplomat
▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
Who is the father of our country?
Who was the first president
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
▪ War of 1812
▪ Mexican-American War
▪ Civil War
▪ Spanish-American War
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South
The civil war
Name one problem that led to the civil war
▪ economic reasons
▪ states’ rights
What was one important thing Abraham Lincoln did?
▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
▪ saved (or preserved) the Union
▪ led the United States during the Civil War
What did the emancipation proclamation do?
▪ freed the slaves
▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy
▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states
▪ freed slaves in most Southern states
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
▪ fought for women’s rights
▪ fought for civil rights
Name 1 war fought by the US in the 1900s
▪ World War I
▪ World War II
▪ Korean War
▪ Vietnam War
▪ (Persian) Gulf War
Who was president during WWI
Who was president during the great depression and WWII
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Who did the US fight in WWII
Japan, Germany, and Italy
What war was Eisenhower in?
What was the main concern of the US during the Cold War?
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
What did MLK JR. do?
Fought for civil rights
What happened in the US on September 11, 2001
Name an American Indian tribe in the US
Name one of the 2 longest rivers in the US
What ocean is on the west coast of the US
What ocean is on the east coast of the US
Name one US territory
▪ Puerto Rico
▪ U.S. Virgin Islands
▪ American Samoa
Name a state that borders Canada
▪ New Hampshire
▪ New York
Name one state that borders Mexico
▪ New Mexico
What is the capital of the US
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
The 13 original colonies
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
What is the name of the National Anthem
Star spangled banner
When do we celebrate Independence Day