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Flashcards in Citizenship Deck (100):
1

What is the supreme law of the land?

the Constitution

2

What does the Constitution do?

▪ sets up the government
▪ defines the government
▪ protects basic rights of Americans

3

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

We the People

4

What is an amendment?

▪ a change (to the Constitution)
▪ an addition (to the Constitution)

5

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

the Bill of Rights

6

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

▪ speech
▪ religion
▪ assembly
▪ press
▪ petition the government

7

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

▪ twenty-seven (27)

8

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

▪ life
▪ liberty
▪ pursuit of happines

10

What is freedom of religion?

▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11

What is the economic system in the United States?*

▪ capitalist economy
▪ market economy

12

What is the “rule of law”?

▪ Everyone must follow the law.
▪ Leaders must obey the law.

13

Name one branch or part of the government.*

▪ Congress
▪ legislative
▪ President

14

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

▪ checks and balances
▪ separation of powers

15

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

▪ the President

16

Who makes federal laws?

▪ Congress
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature

17

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18

How many U.S. Senators are there?

one hundred (100)

19

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

six (6)

20

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?

Pat Roberts

21

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

four hundred thirty-five (435)

22

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

two (2)

23

Name your U.S. Representative.

Roger Marshall

24

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

All the people of the state

25

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

▪ (because of) the state’s population
▪ (because) they have more people
▪ (because) some states have more people

26

We elect a President for how many years?

▪ four (4)

27

In what month do we vote for President?*

November

28

What is the name of the President of the United States now?

Donald J. Trump

29

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

Michael R. Pence

30

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Vice President

31

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Speaker of the House

32

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

the President

33

Who signs bills to become laws?

the President

34

Who vetoes bills?

The president

35

What does the President’s Cabinet do?

advises the President

36

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

▪ Secretary of Agriculture
▪ Secretary of Commerce

37

What does the judicial branch do?

▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)
▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38

What is the highest court in the United States?

the Supreme Court

39

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

nine (9)

40

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
government?

▪ to print money
▪ to declare war
▪ to create an army
▪ to make treaties

42

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

▪ provide schooling and education

43

Who is the Governor of your state now?

Sam Brownback

44

What is the capital of your state?*

Topeka

45

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

Democratic and Republican

46

What is the political party of the President now?

Republican (Party)

47

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

Paul D. Ryan

48

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).

49

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

▪ serve on a jury
▪ vote in a federal election

50

Name one right only for United States citizens.

▪ vote in a federal election
▪ run for federal ofice

51

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

▪ freedom of expression
▪ freedom of speech

52

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

▪ the United States
▪ the lag

53

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

give up loyalty to other countries

54

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?

eighteen (18) and older

55

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

▪ vote
▪ join a political party

56

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

April 15

57

When must all men register for the Selective Service?

▪ at age eighteen (18)
▪ between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

58

What is one reason colonists came to America?

freedom

59

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

▪ American Indians
▪ Native Americans

60

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

▪ Africans
▪ people from Africa

61

Why did the colonists fight the British?

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation) ▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
▪ because they didn’t have self-government

62

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

63

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

July 4, 1776

64

There were 13 original states. Name three.

▪ New Hampshire
▪ Massachusetts
▪ Rhode Island

65

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

▪ The Constitution was written.
▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66

When was the Constitution written?

1787

67

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

▪ (James) Madison
▪ (Alexander) Hamilton
▪ (John) Jay
▪ Publius

68

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

U.S. diplomat

69

Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

(George) Washington

70

Who was the first President?*

George Washington

71

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

▪ the Louisiana Territory
▪ Louisiana

72

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

▪ War of 1812
▪ Mexican-American War
▪ Civil War
▪ Spanish-American War

73

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

▪ the Civil War
▪ the War between the States

74

Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

slavery

75

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)

76

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

freed the slaves

77

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

fought for women’s rights

78

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*

World War I

79

Who was President during World War I?

(Woodrow) Wilson

80

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

(Franklin) Roosevelt

81

Who did the United States fight in World War II?

Japan, Germany, and Italy

82

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

World War II

83

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

▪ Communism

84

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

civil rights (movement)

85

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

▪ fought for civil rights
▪ worked for equality for all Americans

86

What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

Terrorists attacked the United States.

87

Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

Cherokee

88

Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

Missouri (River)

89

What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

Paciic (Ocean)

90

What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

Atlantic (Ocean)

91

Name one U.S. territory.

Puerto Rico

92

Name one state that borders Canada.

Maine

93

Name one state that borders Mexico.

Texas

94

What is the capital of the United States?*

Washington, D.C.

95

Where is the Statue of Liberty?*

New York (Harbor)

96

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

▪ because there were 13 original colonies
▪ because the stripes represent the original colonies

97

Why does the flag have 50 stars?

because there is one star for each state

98

What is the name of the national anthem?

The Star-Spangled Banner

99

When do we celebrate Independence Day?*

July 4

100

Name two national U.S. holidays.

Thanksgiving
Christmas