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Flashcards in Citizenship Test Deck (100):
1

What is the supreme law of the land?

The constitution

2

What does the Constitution do?

▪ sets up the government
▪ deines the government
▪ protects basic rights of Americans

3

The idea of self-government is in the irst three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

We the people

4

What is an amendment?


▪ a change (to the Constitution)
▪ an addition (to the Constitution)

5

What do we call the irst ten amendments to the Constitution?


▪ the Bill of Rights

6

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

▪ speech
▪ religion
▪ assembly
▪ press
▪ petition the government

7

How many amendments does the constitution have


▪ twenty-seven (27)

8

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)
▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence

▪ life ▪ liberty ▪ pursuit of happiness

10

What is freedom of religion?

▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11

What is the economic system in the United States

▪ capitalist economy ▪ market economy

12

What is the “rule of law”?

▪ Everyone must follow the law. ▪ Leaders must obey the law. ▪ Government must obey the law. ▪ No one is above the law.

13


▪ Congress
▪ legislative
▪ President
▪ executive
▪ the courts
▪ judicial

Name one branch of the government

14

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?


▪ checks and balances
▪ separation of powers

15

Who is in charge of the executive branch?


▪ the President

16

Who makes federal laws?


▪ Congress
▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)
▪ (U.S. or national) legislature

17

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*


▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives)

18

How many U.S. Senators are there?


▪ one hundred (100)

19

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

▪ six (6)

20

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*

▪ Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C.
(or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

21

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

▪ four hundred thirty-ive (435)

22

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

▪ two (2)

23

Name your U.S. Representative.

▪ Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may
provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

24

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

▪ all people of the state

25

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states

▪ (because of) the state’s population ▪ (because) they have more people ▪ (because) some states have more people

26

We elect a President for how many years?

▪ four (4)

27

In what month do we vote for President?*

▪ November

28

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

▪ Donald J. Trump ▪ Donald Trump ▪ Trump

29

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

▪ Michael R. Pence ▪ Mike Pence ▪ Pence

30

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Vice President

31

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Speaker of the House

32

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

▪ the President

33

Who signs bills to become laws?

▪ the President

34

Who vetoes bills?


▪ the President

35

What does the President’s Cabinet do?

▪ advises the President

36

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

▪ Secretary of Agriculture ▪ Secretary of Commerce ▪ Secretary of Defense ▪ Secretary of Education ▪ Secretary of Energy ▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services ▪ Secretary of Homeland Security ▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development ▪ Secretary of the Interior ▪ Secretary of Labor ▪ Secretary of State ▪ Secretary of Transportation ▪ Secretary of the Treasury ▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs ▪ Attorney General ▪ Vice President

37

What does the judicial branch do?

▪ reviews laws
▪ explains laws
▪ resolves disputes (disagreements) ▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38

What is the highest court in the United States?

▪ the Supreme Court

39

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

▪ nine (9)

40

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States

▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal
government?


▪ to print money
▪ to declare war
▪ to create an army ▪ to make treaties

42

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

▪ provide schooling and education ▪ provide protection (police) ▪ provide safety (ire departments) ▪ give a driver’s license ▪ approve zoning and land use

43

Who is the Governor of your state now?

▪ Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

44

What is the capital of your state?*

▪ Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a
capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

45

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

▪ Democratic and Republican

46

What is the political party of the President now?

▪ Republican (Party)

47

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

▪ Paul D. Ryan ▪ (Paul) Ryan

48

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.


▪ Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
▪ You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
▪ Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
▪ A male citizen of any race (can vote).

49

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*


▪ serve on a jury
▪ vote in a federal election

50

Name one right only for United States citizens.


▪ vote in a federal election
▪ run for federal ofice

51

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?


▪ freedom of expression
▪ freedom of speech
▪ freedom of assembly
▪ freedom to petition the government
▪ freedom of religion
▪ the right to bear arms

52

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?


▪ the United States
▪ the lag

53

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

▪ give up loyalty to other countries ▪ defend the Constitution and laws of the United States ▪ obey the laws of the United States ▪ serve in the U.S. military (if needed) ▪ serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) ▪ be loyal to the United States

54

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*

▪ eighteen (18) and older

55

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

▪ vote ▪ join a political party ▪ help with a campaign ▪ join a civic group ▪ join a community group ▪ give an elected oficial your opinion on an issue ▪ call Senators and Representatives ▪ publicly support or oppose an issue or policy ▪ run for ofice ▪ write to a newspaper

56

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

* ▪ April 15

57

When must all men register for the Selective service

▪ at age eighteen (18) ▪ between eighteen (18) and twent

58

What is one reason colonists came to America?


▪ freedom
▪ political liberty
▪ religious freedom
▪ economic opportunity
▪ practice their religion
▪ escape persecution

59

Who lived in America before the Europeans


▪ American Indians
▪ Native American

60

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves

▪ Africans ▪ people from Africa

61

Why did the colonists fight the British

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation) ▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering) ▪ because they didn’t have self-government

62

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

▪ (Thomas) Jefferson

63

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

▪ July 4, 1776

64

There were 13 original states. Name three.

▪ New Hampshire ▪ Massachusetts ▪ Rhode Island ▪ Connecticut ▪ New York ▪ New Jersey ▪ Pennsylvania ▪ Delaware ▪ Maryland ▪ Virginia ▪ North Carolina ▪ South Carolina ▪ Georgia

65

What happened at the constitutional convention

▪ The Constitution was written. ▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66

When was the Constitution written?

▪ 1787

67

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution.

▪ (James) Madison ▪ (Alexander) Hamilton ▪ (John) Jay ▪ Publius

68

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

▪ U.S. diplomat ▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention ▪ irst Postmaster General of the United States ▪ writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac” ▪ started the irst free libraries

69

Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

▪ (George) Washington

69

Who was the irst President?*

▪ (George) Washington

70

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?


▪ the Louisiana Territory
▪ Louisiana

71

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.


▪ War of 1812
▪ Mexican-American War
▪ Civil War
▪ Spanish-American War

72

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.


▪ the Civil War
▪ the War between the States

73

Name one problem that led to the Civil war


▪ slavery
▪ economic reasons
▪ states’ rights

74

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*


▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
▪ saved (or preserved) the Union
▪ led the United States during the Civil War

75

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do


▪ freed the slaves
▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy
▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states
▪ freed slaves in most Southern states

76

What did Susan B. Anthony do


▪ fought for women’s rights
▪ fought for civil rights

77

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*


▪ World War I
▪ World War II
▪ Korean War
▪ Vietnam War
▪ (Persian) Gulf War

78

Who was President during World War I?

▪ (Woodrow) Wilson

79

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II

▪ (Franklin) Roosevelt

80

Who did the United States fight in World War II?

▪ Japan, Germany, and Italy

81

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

▪ World War II

82

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

▪ Communism

83

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*

▪ fought for civil rights ▪ worked for equality for all Americans

84

What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?

▪ Terrorists attacked the United States.

85

Name one American Indian tribe in the United States. [USCIS Oficers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.]

▪ Cherokee ▪ Navajo ▪ Sioux ▪ Chippewa ▪ Choctaw ▪ Pueblo ▪ Apache ▪ Iroquois ▪ Creek ▪ Blackfeet ▪ Seminole ▪ Cheyenne ▪ Arawak ▪ Shawnee ▪ Mohegan ▪ Huron ▪ Oneida ▪ Lakota ▪ Crow ▪ Teton ▪ Hopi ▪ Inuit

86

Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.


▪ Missouri (River)
▪ Mississippi (River)

87

What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?


▪ Paciic (Ocean)

88

What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?


▪ Atlantic (Ocean)

89

Name one U.S. territory.


▪ Puerto Rico
▪ U.S. Virgin Islands
▪ American Samoa
▪ Northern Mariana Islands
▪ Guam

90

Name one state that borders Canada


▪ Maine
▪ New Hampshire
▪ Vermont
▪ New York
▪ Pennsylvania
▪ Ohio
▪ Michigan
▪ Minnesota
▪ North Dakota
▪ Montana
▪ Idaho
▪ Washington
▪ Alaska

91

Name one state that borders Mexico.


▪ California
▪ Arizona
▪ New Mexico
▪ Texas

92

What is the capital of the United States?*


▪ Washington, D.C.

93

What is the capital of the United States?*


▪ Washington, D.C.

94

Where is the Statue of Liberty?*


▪ New York (Harbor)
▪ Liberty Island
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

95

Why does the lag have 13 stripes


▪ because there were 13 original colonies
▪ because the stripes represent the original colonies

96

Why does the lag have 50 stars?*


▪ because there is one star for each state
▪ because each star represents a state
▪ because there are 50 states

97

What is the name of the national anthem?


▪ The Star-Spangled Banner

98

When do we celebrate Independence Day?*


▪ July 4

99

Name two national U.S. holidays.


▪ New Year’s Day
▪ Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
▪ Presidents’ Day
▪ Memorial Day
▪ Independence Day
▪ Labor Day
▪ Columbus Day
▪ Veterans Day
▪ Thanksgiving
▪ Christmas