Citow 1. Anatomy XXII. Structures to Memorize Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Citow 1. Anatomy XXII. Structures to Memorize Deck (62):
1

Medial Longitudinal Fasciculus

Coordinates eye movements with vestibular input

2

Dorsal Longitudinal Fasciculus

Connects periventricular hypothalamus and mamillary bodies to midbrain central gray

3

Medial Lemniscus

The posterior column continuation to the thalamus

4

Lateral Lemniscus

Part of the auditory pathway

5

Commissure of Probst

Connects the nuclei of the lateral lemniscus

6

Central Tegmental Tract

Connects:
- Gustatory nucleus (rostral nucleus solitarius) to medial thalamic VPM (wakefulness)
- Red nucleus to inferior olive

7

Medial Forebrain Bundle

Connects
- Septal area, hypothalamus, basal olfactory area, and hippocampus/subiculum to midbrain, pons, and medulla

8

Lamina Terminalis

The closed rostral end of the neural tube

9

Stria Terminalis

Connects the septal area, hypothalamus, olfactory area, and anterior thalamus to the habenulum

10

Fornix

Connects hippocampus to:
- Precommissural -> septal nuclei, hypothalamus, mamillary bodies, and anterior thalamus
- Postcommissural -> Cingulate gyrus

11

Ansa Lenticularis

- Connects the globus pallidus interna to the thalamus
- Goes around the internal capsule

12

Lenticular Fasciculus FFH2

- Connects the globus pallidus interna to the thalamus
- Goes through the internal capsule

13

Thalamic Fasciculus FFH1

The combination of ansa lenticularis, lenticular fasciculus, and cerebellothalamic tract --> VA and VL thalamus

14

Mammillothalamic Tract

Connects mamillary body -> anterior thalamic nucleus

15

Fasciculus Retroflexus

Connects habenulum --> midbrain and interpeduncular nuclei

16

Diagonal Band of Broca

Connects septal nuclei to amydala

17

Corpus Callosum

- Connects most of the two hemispheres
- Is covered with the indusium griseum

18

Indusium Griseum

- Contains medial and lateral longitudinal striae that connects medial olfactory area with hippocampus

19

Tapetum

Fibers in the corpus callosum that connect the temporal and occipital lobes

20

Uncinate Fasciculus

Connects the anterior temporal lobe -> orbitofrontal gyrus

21

Arcuate Fasciculus

Connects frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes
- Weknicke's area to Broca's area

22

Anterior Commissure

- Divided into an anterior and posterior portion

23

Anterior Commissure
Anterior Portion

Connects the two olfactory bulbs

24

Anterior Commissure
Posterior Portion

Connects the two inferior and middle frontal gyri, putamen, globus pallidi, external capsules, and claustrum

25

Inferior Collicular Commissure

Connects the inferior colliculi

26

Posterior Commissure

Crossing fibers from the pretectal nucleus for the light reflex

27

Brachium Conjunctivum

AKA Superior Cerebellar Peduncle

28

Brachium Pontis

AKA Middle Cerebellar Peduncle

29

Restiform and Juxtarestiform Bodies

Inferior Cerebellar Peduncle

30

Trapezoid Body

Connects ventral cochlear nuclei -> contralateral superior olive

31

Medial Geniculate Body

Auditory relay nucleus

32

Lateral Geniculate Body

Visual relay nucleus

33

Superior Colliculus

Coordination of head and eye movements with the visual system

34

Inferior Colliculus

Auditory relay and processing

35

Superior Olive

Auditory relay and processing

36

Inferior Olivary Complex

Cerebellar input

37

Ciliary Ganglion

Parasympathetics from oculomotor nerve

38

Gasserian ganglion

- AKA Semilunar ganglion
- Trigeminal nerve

39

Geniculate ganglion

Sensation and taste -> Facial nerve

40

Sphenopalatine ganglion

- AKA Pterygopalatine ganglion
- Lacrimal and nasal glands from facial nerve

41

Submandibular ganglion

Submandibular and sublingual glands from facial nerve

42

Spiral Ganglion

Hearing to cochlear nerve

43

Scarpa's Ganglion

Vestibular function -> vestibular nerve

44

Superior and inferior vestibular ganglia

- Utricle -> Superior ganglion
- Saccule -> Inferior ganglion

45

Otic ganglion

Parotid secretion from glossopharyngeal nerve

46

Inferior Ganglion of Cranial Nerve IX

Taste, carotid sinus/body --> glossopharyngeal nerve

47

Superior Ganglion of Cranial Nerve IX

Ear sensation --> glossopharyngeal nerve

48

Inferior Ganglion of Cranial Nerve X is AKA...

Nodose ganglion

49

Inferior Ganglion of Cranial Nerve X does...

Taste and visceral sensation --> Vagus nerve

50

Superior Ganglion of Cranial Nerve X is AKA...

Jugular ganglion

51

Superior Ganglion of Cranial Nerve X does....

Ear Sensation --> Vagus nerve

52

Short Ciliary Nerves

- Parasympathetic fibers from ciliary ganglion to eye
- Some sympathetic fibers

53

Where do the Short Ciliary Nerves Enter the Orbit?

- With the inferior division of CN III

54

Long Ciliary Nerves

Sympathetic fibers from nasociliary branch of CN V1 -> Eye

55

Splanchnic Nerves

Preganglionic fibers passing through the sympathetic chain -> adrenal medulla

56

Nervi Erigentes

Parasympathetic nerves (S2-S4) - > genitals, bowel, & bladder

57

Pelvis Plexus

Sympathetic nerves (T10-T12) -> genitals, bowel, and bladder

58

Hypogastric Nerves

Sympathetic nerves (T10-T12) -> genitals, bowel, and bladder

59

Pudendal Nerve

Somatic nerve -> genitals, external anal and bladder sphincters, and perineum

60

T12 Sensory Nerve

Subcostal nerve

61

L1 Sensory Nerve

- Ilioinguinal nerve
- Iliohypogastric nerve

62

L1, L2 Sensory Nerve

Genitofemoral nerve