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Flashcards in Civil Rights Deck (26):

Thurgood Marshall

He was a NAACP attorney


Brown v. Bored of Education

In the early 1950s, five school segregation cases from Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Washington D.C., came together under this title. Linda Browns dad sued the school bored.


Little Rock Nine

This allowed nine outstanding black students to attend Central High School. These students became known as Little Rock Nine.


Rosa Parks

She as an active member of the NAACP. She got arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for not giving up her seat on a bus to a white person


Montgomery bus boycott

During this, thousands of African Americans stopped riding the buses for a year. They rode bikes, car pooled, and walked.


Martin Luther King Jr.

He helped start the Montgomery bus boycott. He was a Baptist Minister. He was also a powerful speaker. He also ended segregation



A demonstration in which protesters sit down and refuse to leave


Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

To continue the struggle for civil rights, the leaders of the student protests formed this organization in spring of 1960


John F. Kennedy

He ran in the presidential election of 1960. He won as the youngest president ever elected.


Freedom Rides

To accomplish pressure on President Kennedy to enforce the illegal segregated buses, CORE organized a series of protests call the Freedom Rides, in which black and white bus riders traveled together to segregated bus stations in the south.


Marsh on Washington

A massive demonstration for civil rights. During this, some 200,000 people came to hear Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have A Dream” speech.


Lyndon B. Johnson

He took became
President after JFK died. He originally was Vice President


Civil Rights Act of 1964

The act banned segregation in public places. It also outlawed discrimination in the workplace on the basis of color, gender, religion, or national origin.


Voting Rights Act of 1965

Johnson signed this into law in August. This law gave federal government new powers to protect African Americans voting rights


Great Society

In this program, Johnson saw this as a vote of approval for his program of domestic reforms that he called the Great Society


Black Power

Also known as the Black Power movement, this called for African American independence.


Malcom X

He helped inspire the Black Power movement. He was a leader of the Nation of Islam, an organization that combined ideas about African American independence with the teachings of Islam.


Caesar Chavez

He was one of many Hispanic Americans who worked to improve conditions. He also created the UFW


United Farm Workers

This union committed to the goal of better pay and working conditions for migrant farm workers-those who move seasonally from farm to farm for work. This was created by Cesar Chavez


Betty Friedan

She was the author of the book “The Feminine Mystique”


National Organization for Women

This was created to fight for equal education and career opportunities for women


Shirley Chisholm

She was the first African American women elected to Congress


Equal Rights Amendment

This would outlaw all discrimination based on sex


Phyllis Schlafly

He was a conservative activist. He also founded the group called STOP ERA to prevent its ratification


American Indian Movement

Founded in 1968 to fight for Native Americans rights


Disabled in Action

Created to make people aware of challenges facing people with disabilities