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Flashcards in Civil War Deck (22):
0

Why does Lee invade the North?

Hopes victory in north will force Lincoln to talk peace
Gives Virginia farmers a rest from war during harvest
Confederates could plunder Northern farmers for food
Hopes invasion will convince Britain and France to aid Confederacy

1

Battle of Antietam

1862
McClellan's army fights Lee's
After 1 day, neither side gains ground, 25,000 men are killed and wounded
Lee's crippled army retreats into Virginia, McClellan fails to pursue
Lincoln fires McClellan

2

King Cotton

The South's way to win foreign support, they'd trade cotton for money and weapons

3

Anaconda Plan

The North's plan to smother the South's economy, they split the country in half so one part of the South couldn't get to the main railroad

4

Blockade

When armed forces or people prevent the transportation of goods or people into or out of an area

5

Border States

Delaware
Maryland
Kentucky
West Virginia
Missouri

6

Hygiene

Conditions to maintain health and prevent disease

7

Ironclads

Steam propelled torpedo that sunk a Union ship

8

Capitals of each side

Richmond, VA(South)
Washington, DC(North)

9

How did Americans feel about the war?

Before they thought it would be like one battle
After it wasn't unpopular on either sides

10

Problems for soldiers

Bad food
Smelled bad
Sicknesses
Smelled bad
Bad chores
Diarrhea

11

Why was there so much fighting in Virginia?

That's where the capital was

12

Examples of bad hygiene

Couldn't shower
Went to the bathroom in trenches
Slept on the ground
Lice

13

Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

First victory for the Union

14

New Orleans

Union blocked port so South couldn't trade

15

Fort Sumter

First shots fired on April 12, 1861 by South

16

Shiloh

Major battle, Union wins

17

Union generals

Ulysses S Grant and George McClellan

18

Southern Generals

Robert E. Lee
Albert S. Johnston

19

What battles did the North win?

Fort Henry and Fort Donelson
Shiloh
New Orleans

20

Battles the South won

Fort Sumter

21

How many soldiers did each side have?

2 million- North
1 million- South