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Flashcards in Class 1 Deck (49)
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1

Name the 4 quadrants

RUQ
LUQ
RLQ
LLQ

2

What are the two imaginary lines used to divide the abdomen into 4 quadrants

Transumbilical and Median line

3

What are the 9 regions of the abdomen

Right Hypochondriac
Left Hypochondriac
Epigastric
Umbilical
Right Flank
Left Flank
Right Inguinal
Left Inguinal
Hypogastric/Pubic

4

What are the imaginary lines used to divide the abdomen into 9

Right and left midclavicular line
Transtubercular
Subcostal

5

What organs are located in the right hypochondriac

Liver
Small intestine
Right Kidney

6

What organs are located in the epigastric region

Stomach
Liver
Pancreas
Duodenum
Spleen
Adrenal gland

7

What organs are located in the left hypochondriac

Spleen
Colon
Left Kidney
Pancreas

8

What organs are located in the right lumbar

Gallbladder
Liver
Right colon

9

What organs are located in the umbilical

Naval
Part of small intestine (duodenum)

10

What organs are located in the left lumbar

Desendng colon
Sigmoid colon
Small intestine

11

What organs are located in the right inguinal region

Caecum
Appendix

12

What organs are located in the hypogastric region

Urinary bladder
Sigmoid colon
Female reproductive organs

13

What organs are located in the left inguinal region

Descending colon
Sigmoid
Small intestine

14

Action of external oblique

Compress and support abdominal viscera
Flex and rotate trunk

15

Innervation of external oblique

T7-11 (anterior rami)
Subcostal nerve

16

Action of Internal oblique

Compress and support abdominal viscera
Flex and rotate trunk

17

Innervation of internal oblique

T7-11 (anterior rami)
1st lumbar nerve

18

Action of Transversus Abdominis

Compress and supports abdominal viscera

19

Innervation of Transversus abdominis

T7-11 (anterior rami)
1st lumbar nerve

20

Action of Rectus abdominis

Flexes trunk and compress viscera
Stabilises and controls tilt of pelvis

21

Innervation of Rectus abdominis

Thoracoabdominal nerves

22

Muscle and Facia of Abdomen

Rectus abdominis
Internal and External oblique
Transversus abdominis
Linea alba
Linea semilunaris

23

all 3 muscles aponeurosis are anterior of rectus abdominis__

below the level of the umbilicus

24

Internal and external oblique muscle fascia is anterior to the rectus abdominis____

Above the level of umbilicus

25

What is the rectus sheath

Interlaced aponeurosis of the flat abdominal muscle

26

What is the rectus sheath made up of

Aponeuroses of external, internal oblique muscles and transverses abdominis

27

What is an aponeurosis

A sheet of white fibrous tissue that takes the place of a tendon in that muscle

28

Above the umbilicus the anterior layer of the rectus sheath is

The aponeurosis for the internal and external muscle

29

Below the umbilicus the anterior layer of the rectus sheath is

The aponeurosis for the internal, external oblique muscle and the transversus abdominis

30

At what vertebral level is the position of the umbilicus on the abdominal wall

L3-L4, it is not a good surface landmark as position varies amongst individuals