Classic Clinical Presentations Flashcards Preview

NBCE 1 > Classic Clinical Presentations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic Clinical Presentations Deck (59):
1

Painful yellow genital ulcer

Chancroid

2

Painless beef-red genital ulcer

granuloma inguinale

3

painless jaundice and weight loss

pancreatic cancer

4

pale mucous membranes and spoon-shaped nails

iron deficiency anemia

5

palpitations, sweating and pressure headaches

pheocromocytoma

6

pancreatic, pituitary and parathyroid tumors

Wermer's syndrome (MEN 1)

7

Pectus excavatum

rickets

8

Pheochromocytoma, mucosal tumors and thyroid cancer

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN 2b)

9

pink colour, pursed-lip breathing and barrel chest

emphysema

10

polyuria, polydipsia but no polyphagia or glycosuria

diabetes insipidus

11

polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, and glycosuria

diabetes mellitus

12

Ptosis, anhydrosis and miosis on one side

Horners syndrome

13

puffy eyelids, smoky urine and hypertension in a child

glomerulonephritis

14

purplish lesions on the arms, legs and oral cavitiy

Kaposi sarcoma

15

Purulent urethral discharge in a sexually active male

gonorrhea

16

rachitic rosary

rickets

17

rash in palms and sores, oral ulcers and fever in a child

hand, foot, and mouth disease

18

radiofemoral delay

coarcatation of the aorta

19

recurrent crops of painful vesicles on face

herpes simplex, Type 1

20

recurrent crops of painful ulcers on the genitals

herpes simplex, type 2

21

recurrent episodes of wheezing in a child

asthma

22

recurrent peptic ulcers

zollinger-ellison syndrome

23

red-current jelly sputum with a fever and cough

klebsiella pneumonia

24

regularly irregular breathing-increase with apneic spells

cheyne-stokes breathing

25

resting tremors, masking-like facies and shuffling gait

Parkinson's disease

26

rose-coloured spots on trunk, fever, and diarrhea

typhoid fever

27

rust-coloured sputum, cough, fever and pleuritic chest pain

streptococcal pneumonia

28

scanning speech, intention tremor, and nystagmus

multiple sclerosis

29

shortness of breath, fatigue, and erythema nodosum

sarcoidosis

30

short stature, web neck, and widely spaced nipples

Turner's syndrome

31

single transverse palmar crease and mental retardation

down syndrome

32

severe sore throat and swollen postauricular lymph nodes

mononucleosis

33

situs inversus, chronic sinitis and bronchiectasis

kartagener's syndrome

34

skin rash along a dermatome with prodrome of local pain

herpes zoster

35

splinter hemorrages

subacute bacterial enocarditis

36

strawberry tongue, fever and rash

scarlet fever

37

sudden onset of dyspnea, hemoptysis and chest pain

pulmonary embolism

38

sudden onset of severe painful swollen big toe

gout

39

sudden tearing chest pain, sweating, and feeling of doom

dissecting thoracic aneurysm

40

swollen ankles, shortness of breath, and distended neck veins

congestive heart failure

41

swollen bleeding gums and painful joints in a child

scurvy

42

tall, thin male with gynecomastia and small testes

Klinefelter's syndrome

43

thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal tumors

Sipples syndrome ( MEN 2a)

44

Unilateral facial palsy with hyperacusis

bell's palsy

45

Unilateral facial palsy with vesicles in the ear

ramsey hunt syndrome

46

unilateral facial palsy with deafness in the same side

acoustic neuroma

47

unilateral facial weakness with weakness in the arm and leg

cerebrovascular accident

48

unilateral ptosis, anhydrosis, and miosis

Horner's syndrome

49

unilateral throbbing headache with aura

classic migraine

50

unilateral throbbing headache without aura

common migraine

51

unilateral swollen leg after long distance travel

deep vein thrombosis

52

urethritis, conjunctivitis, and arthritis

reiter's syndrome

53

vomiting blood in a jaundice patient

raptured esophageal varices

54

web neck, widely spaced nipples, underdeveloped breasts

Turner's syndrome

55

weight loss and change in bowel habits

carcinoma of the colon

56

weight loss, diarrhea, fever and arthritis

whipple's disease

57

weight loss, recurrent infections in young adult

HIV/AIDS

58

Wet, wacky and wonky (incontinence, dementia, ataxia)

normal pressure hydrocephalus

59

worst headache (thunder-clap) in my life

Ruptured berry aneurysm