Flashcards in Classical Allusions Deck (34):
The term "Achilles' heel" refers to the vulnerable part of a person's character
Unfaithful husband to Clytemnestra
Symbolic of the choice between god's authority and civil authority, or the choice between between justice and law
The archetype of speed, strength and daring foiled by a trick of the intellect
"Has the weight of the world on his shoulders"
Represents an accurate but unheeded prophet of doom
Daedalus and Icarus
Symbolic of the danger involved in daring to enter "the realm of the gods"
Damocles, sword of
The term indicates impending disaster
Damon and Pythias
Symbolize lasting friendship
Dionysus or Bacchus
The god of wine, revelry, the power of nature, fertility and emotional ecstasy. He is usually thought of in terms of overuse or excess
Judgement of Paris
"To the fairest"; the disastrous choice of love and beauty over less ephemeral attributes
Symbolic of the inevitable usurpation of father by son, familiar theme in folklore
Monsters who had snakes for hair and faces so horrifying that just the sight of them turned men into stone
Monster with a bull's head and a man's body
Brutality and savagery
Ideal condition of harmony
The ten-year-long homeward journey of Odysseus and his men after the Trojan War
Pandora's box refers to a gift that turns out to be a curse. It also refers to the unanticipated consequences of one's actions, as in "opening a can of worms"
The myth of Persephone is the classical explanation for the seasons
The phoenix frequently symbolizes death and resurrection, or eternal life
The term "Procrustean bed" connotes a rigid standard to which exact conformity is enforced
The champion of men against the gods
Protean means versatile
When you fall in love with your creation and it comes to life
A Pyrrhic victory is one that was won at much too high a price
Romulus and Remus
Founded the city of Rome; brothers who fought
The satyr play treated serious matters in a grotesquely comic way
Scylla and Charyhdis
"Between a rock and a hard place"
He serves as a constant metaphor for the never-ending struggle to complete one's task, only to be thwarted by still more hurdles
The sphinx represents monumental silence in literary references
His names gives us the word: "tantalize"