Classical Allusions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classical Allusions Deck (34):
0

Achilles

The term "Achilles' heel" refers to the vulnerable part of a person's character

1

Agamemnon

Unfaithful husband to Clytemnestra

2

Antigone

Symbolic of the choice between god's authority and civil authority, or the choice between between justice and law

3

Atalanta

The archetype of speed, strength and daring foiled by a trick of the intellect

4

Atlas

"Has the weight of the world on his shoulders"

5

Cassandra

Represents an accurate but unheeded prophet of doom

6

Daedalus and Icarus

Symbolic of the danger involved in daring to enter "the realm of the gods"

7

Damocles, sword of

The term indicates impending disaster

8

Damon and Pythias

Symbolize lasting friendship

9

Dionysus or Bacchus

The god of wine, revelry, the power of nature, fertility and emotional ecstasy. He is usually thought of in terms of overuse or excess

10

Iphigenia

Fair winds

11

Judgement of Paris

"To the fairest"; the disastrous choice of love and beauty over less ephemeral attributes

12

Laius

Symbolic of the inevitable usurpation of father by son, familiar theme in folklore

13

Medusa

Monsters who had snakes for hair and faces so horrifying that just the sight of them turned men into stone

14

Minotaur

Monster with a bull's head and a man's body

15

Myrmidons

Brutality and savagery

16

Nirvana

Ideal condition of harmony

17

Odyssey

The ten-year-long homeward journey of Odysseus and his men after the Trojan War

18

Oedipus

"Oedipus Complex"

19

Pandora

Pandora's box refers to a gift that turns out to be a curse. It also refers to the unanticipated consequences of one's actions, as in "opening a can of worms"

20

Persephone

The myth of Persephone is the classical explanation for the seasons

21

Phoenix

The phoenix frequently symbolizes death and resurrection, or eternal life

22

Procrutes

The term "Procrustean bed" connotes a rigid standard to which exact conformity is enforced

23

Prometheus

The champion of men against the gods

24

Proteus

Protean means versatile

25

Pygmalion

When you fall in love with your creation and it comes to life

26

Pyrrhus

A Pyrrhic victory is one that was won at much too high a price

27

Romulus and Remus

Founded the city of Rome; brothers who fought

28

Satyrs

The satyr play treated serious matters in a grotesquely comic way

29

Scylla and Charyhdis

"Between a rock and a hard place"

30

Sisyphus

He serves as a constant metaphor for the never-ending struggle to complete one's task, only to be thwarted by still more hurdles

31

Sphinx

The sphinx represents monumental silence in literary references

32

Tantalus

His names gives us the word: "tantalize"

33

Trojan Horse

"Beware of Greeks bearing gifts"