Classics Chapter 21: Homecomings from Troy Flashcards Preview

Classics - Greek Myth > Classics Chapter 21: Homecomings from Troy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classics Chapter 21: Homecomings from Troy Deck (23):
1

nostos / nostoi

homecomings

2

great homecoming stories and authors

1) Odyssey - Homer
2) trilogy: (Agamemnon's) Orestia- Aeschylus

3

Orestes

Agamemnon's son

4

Orestia plays

1) Agamemnon
2. Libation Bearers
3) Eumenides

5

What happens in Agamemnon ?

-Cassandra comes back with Agamemnon
-Clyt tests to see if sorry with red carpet -realizes excessive does anyway
-in bath, she nets and stabs him
-ends with Clyt displaying bodies and saying there's Justice

6

Who does Clytemnestra have an affair with ?

Aegisthus

7

Why does Clytemnestra want to kill her husband?

Clytemnestra and mstress plan to kill for revenge for killing their daughter

8

Cloephori

Libation Bearers - 2nd play of Orestia
= those who pay respects at Ag's tomb

9

Who lead the Choephori?

Electra - Ag and Clyt's daughter
resends mom for killing father

10

Who does Electra plot to kill __ with?

their mother Clytemnestra
with Orestes (brother)

11

What happens to Orestes in childhood?

taken from home, raised near Delpi for protection
Oracle tells orestes to avenge father, even if have to kill mom when grown

12

Who does Orestes kill (in order)?

slays Aegisthus
mother

13

What happens right after Orestes kills?

claims his justice
Furies / Erinyes drive him crazy

14

Eumenides

what the Furies become

15

What is the name of Athena's court?

Court of Areopagus = hill of ares

16

what does apollo tell orestes to do?

go to athens for trial for matricide

17

What revolutionary thing ends the killing cycle in Atreus' House?

trial by jury with Apollo vs. Furies

18

Apollo's argument in court

1) he, a god, ordered Orestes and purified him
2) mom not his blood - just a carrier
babies from men like Ahtena

19

Furies' argument in court

their role in avenging is older than Apollo's role of purifying

20

Result of court?

jury ties, Athena breaks it in favor of Apollo/Orestia

21

Wht does Athena do for the losers?

offers to turn Furies to Eumenides - "the kindly ones" - protect spirits of athens

22

What does the 1st court bring about?

first laws written and revised by demos

23

Where did Aeschylus fight? Why?

Marathon 490BC - believed in Athens' greatness