Classics Chapter 22: Odyssey Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classics Chapter 22: Odyssey Deck (79):
1

In what way is the Odyssey 2nd?

of homer's poems thematically and chronologically

2

When was the Odyssey written down?

750BC

3

What is the point of theIliad?

what it means to be a mortal - limitations, meaning

4

What is the point of the Odyssey?

"what it means to be an individual mortal"
what it means to be "you" - what you want on your obituary

charachter, achievemens, home, family

5

How long does it take for Odysseus to come home?

10 years

6

How long is Odysseus away from his home?

20 years

7

What is Odysseus' home?

Ithaca

8

How many rude suitors are there?

108

9

How did the suitors violate xenia

eat his food, sleep with slave girls

10

How many books are in the Iliad? Odyssey?

24, 24

11

How is the Odyssey different from Iliad in terms of structure?

Odyssey has thematic unts of 4 books

12

What are books 1-4 about?

Telemachus

13

Telemacus

son of Odysseus

14

Who nudges Telemacus to go find himself/a solution?

Athena

15

Where does Telemacus go to reach his goal? What is there?

to Pylos and Sparta to find Nestor and Menelaus

16

What gives Telemacus self- confidence above all?

his striking resemblance to his father

17

What does T learn from Nestor?

what order looks like

18

What does T learn from Sparta?

what his father is like/looks like

19

What does Telemachus get in the end ? What doesn't he?

confidence - leadership skills
can't rid suitors without father

20

What are books 5-8 about?

final stage of journey home - Calypso

21

Calypso is a __

sea nymph, goddess

22

How long is Odysseus with Calypso?

7 years

23

What does Calypso offer Odysseus?

immmortality

24

What does "calypso" mean why?

consealer
Odysseus's identity is being forgotten by the rest of the world

25

How does Od get away from calpyso?

Athena asks zeus
sends hermes to tell calpyso to go while poseidon away
od builds raft

26

How does Odysseus get to Phaeacians?

poseidon comes back from trip and blasts with storms

27

Who rescues and clothes Odysseus?

Nausicaa

28

Who else knows about the Od/ Nausicaa encounter?

Quen Arate (sp) her mom

29

Demodocus

blind singer who entertains Odysseus

30

stories told to OD and the Phaeacians

stories:
-Heph catch ares and aphro
-trojan horse story

31

What does Demodocus do to Odysseus?

makes him weep for his misfortunes in the accurate storysong

32

What happens in books 9-12

Od tells Phaeacians his stories:

33

First place OD goes to after troy
what happens?

Cicones
they sack and loot the place - but men don't want to leave vs. OD warning
they lose 6 men per ship

34

What is the 2nd place OD goes to after troy?
what happens?

land of Lotus Eaters - mellow, don't want to do anything but eat more lotus

he orders them back

35

Where does Odysseus and his men go after Lotus land?

island of the Cyclopes

36

What does Polyphemus do to mark himself as an "outsider"

drink milk, not wine
eat people RAW

37

What do Odysseus' men do when they find Poluphemus? What happens to them?

linger to learn where they are, what they can get
he bashes to mens brains in and eat bodies raw
traps men in cave with boulder

38

When does OD formulate his plan to be freed from the cave?

when Cyclopes tends to his livestock

39

What is OD's plan to get away from Polyphemus?

-get Polyphemus drunk with the wine he brought (and 2 bodies as appetizers...oops)
-tell him his name is Nobody
-sharpen huge stake, heat it, drive in eye
-hide under sheep bellies

40

How does Polyphemus get revenge on Odysseus?

Polyphemus gets hsi dad Poseidon's wrath (a hard time) because Odysseus brags

41

What is the 4th place Od goes to ?

island of Aeolus,

42

who is Aeolus? what does he do?

wind god; buts bad winds in bag to let OD sail home on good winds

43

What stops OD's men from coming home to ithaca even though it is finally in sight?

men are curious - want to see OD's treasure from Aeolus' release BAD wind an are pushed back to him

44

what is the 5th place OD goes to?

land of Laestrygonians

45

Laestrygonians - what are they? what do they do?

cannibalistic giants - eat all of men that come with od (don't stay on ship)

46

What is the 6th placae OD goes do?

Circe

47

Circe - who is it, what does she do?

witch daughter of sun god
turns half of OD's men to animals

48

How does OD get out of Circe predicament?

Hermes makes him resist her spells
bed for a year
Hermes persuades them to turn back to humans, OD perseudes her to promise not to hurt them

49

What does Circe give OD?

sex for a year
information - OD must to to Underworld to find tiresias to learn way home, other info (sirens?, don't eat Helius' cattle)

50

What does OD get from underworld?

directions hime
anticlea - your purpose is to go home

51

What is dangerous aobut the Sirens?

beautiful song - just want to listen

52

How do od and his men pass the sirens?

men have wax in their ears
OD is tied to mast

53

Charybdis

ship-sucking whirlpool

54


Scylla

monster with 6 heads

55

What does OD choose - Scylla or Charybdis?

scylla - so loses 6 men instead of full ship

56

what happens at the island of Helius?

Odysseus' men get hungry while trapped by winds
they eat Helius' cattle while OD sleeps

zeus thunders the ship and rest of Odysseus' men

Od winds up at island of Calypso

57

How long is Odysseus' homecoming adventures at sea?

3 years

58

How does OD get to Ithaca?

he woos the Phaeacians, so they bring him there

59

What does OD do with the Phaecians' treasure? how did he get it?

puts in cave
by stories

60

Eumaeus

OD's old swineherd
offers xenia, shows that people are still loyal to him, miss him

61

What happens in book 13-16?

land in ithaca
visit Eumaeus
Telemachus, forms plan with him

62

What happens in book 17-20?

OD comes to palace as a beggar

63

Argus

Od's dog - not taken care of, only one to recog him at first sight - dies of heart attack

64

Antinous

a lead suitor in the Odyssey

65

Eurymachus

a lead suitor in the Odyssey

66

Euryclea

Od's old nanny
recognizes OD while bathing him from scar on his leg from boar hunt

67

When was Penelope supposed to remarry?

when she finished weavng the shroud for Laertes
she inwound it every night

68

what does Penelope show beggar Odysseus in her night interview?

she is chaste
she got stuff from suitors
she kept house as well as she could
she'll have a test for them

69

What is Penelope's challenge? how successful are the challengers?

whoever can string bow and shoot arrow through holes of 12 axe heads lined in row

they can't string Ods bow

70

What are books 21-24 about?

showdown vs. OD and suitors

71

How is OD chosen to marry Penelope?

Telemachus mocks the suitors - let beggar have a turn

72

How do Od's helpers help him kill the 108 suitors?

Telemachus gets him the bow
Eumaeus bolts the doors
Euryclea detains slave staff

73

How many maids does Euryclea single otu? why? for what?

12 - they liked sex with suitors she says - to clean up the slaughter house

74

How does penelope make sure beggar = Od?

marriage bed - living tree as 1 leg, he and his swineman made it

75

Tiresias' prophecy

must go inland for ____

76

athena holds dawn so

penelope and Od can talk

77

What does agamemnon do in the underworld?

praise agamemnon when the souls of the 108 suitors arrive

78

Laertes

Odysseus' father

79

What does Athena help Odysseus, son, and father with?

suitors' kinsmen revenge
then gets zeus to support peace - lighting bolt stop s fight