Clin Chem - Abbrev Discussion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clin Chem - Abbrev Discussion Deck (100):
1

enzyme of the prostate

ACP

2

used to diagnose prostate/prostatic cancer

ACP

3

enzyme found in semen

ACP

4

enzyme used in determination of rape

ACP

5

ACP is most active at what pH

5

6

ADH levels are low among what age group

elders

7

other name of ADH

vasopressin

8

prevents loss of water through urine excretion

ADH

9

normally present in fetus

AFP

10

among what age group does AFP normally disappear

adults

11

if AFP is present among adults, it means

liver cancer

12

proteins in the serum

albumin and globulin

13

most abundant protein in serum

albumin

14

second most abundant protein in serum

globulin

15

ALP is most active at what pH

9.8

16

used to diagnose bone and liver diseases (esp. liver tissue at the hepatocytes)

ALP

17

ALP is normally high in what age group

children

18

if ALP is high among adults, what diseases are present

bone and liver

19

substrate of ALT

alanine

20

used in the diagnosis of liver disease (@ biliary tract)

ALT

21

means heart attack in vernacular

AMI

22

tests to be done for AMI

CK, LD, AST

23

enzyme found in salivary glnds and pancreas

AMS

24

used in thediagnosis of pancreatitis and salivary gland disorder

AMS

25

written in request slips

ASAP

26

when ASAP is written in request slips, the request must be finished within which rotation (1st,2nd or 3rd?)

1st

27

substrate of AST

aspartate

28

used in the diagnosis of AMI

AST

29

dye for albumin measurement

BCG

30

Best test for albumin

BCG

31

represent nitrogen content of urea in blood

BUN

32

Oncofetal tumor marker

CEA

33

CEA is normally detected among

fetus

34

among what age group does CEA normally disappear

Adults

35

if CEA is elevated in adults, it means

colon concer

36

A person who has this disease is a candidate for stroke (brain attack) or heart attack

CHD

37

disease in which arteries are clogged due to hardened cholesterol plaques

CHD

38

if the arteries are clogged, what condition may result

hypertension

39

hypertension due to clogging of arteries may cause the tendency of arteries to ________

burst

40

enzyme responsible for transfer of phosphate group from ATP to creatine

creatine kinase

41

catalyzes transfer of phosphate group

kinase

42

catalyzes transfer of oxygen

oxidase

43

very stable form of hemoglobin

COHb

44

When does Hb become useless

when it is bound to CO

45

can HBCo be degraded?

no

46

non-toxic because it does not combine with Hb

carbon dioxide

47

COHb has high levels among __

smokers

48

unit used in radioimmunoassay

CPM

49

marker of inflammation

CRP

50

if CRP is high, it means

there is an inflammatory disease

51

why is CRP the best index of inflammation

first to rise in serum during an inflammatory rxn

52

once inflammation subsides, which is the first to disappear in serum

CRP

53

computed in statistics
quotient of SD and mean multiplied to 100

CV

54

CV is expressed as

%

55

Kinds of diabetes

DM and DI

56

type of diabetes: insulin deficiency

DM

57

type of diabetes: ADH deficiency

DI

58

at what amount of glucose in the bloodstream will a person experience glycosuria

> 140 - 160 mg %

59

condition in which glucose appears in urine

glycosuria

60

functions for the cellular uptake of glucose

insulin

61

if insulin shoots glucose to muscle cells, then glucose will be converted to

carbon dioxide, water, energy to do work

62

if insulin shoots glucose to hepatocytes, glucose will be stored/deposited as

glycogen (A form of fat)

63

when the ADH levels are low, a person will experience what condition

polyuria

64

excess urine excretion

polyuria

65

in the nucleus, where is the DNA located

at the periphery

66

in the nucleus, where is the nucleolus located

at the center

67

in the nucleus, where is the RNA located

scattered and surrounding the nucleolus

68

liquid outside the cell (plasma and serum)

ECF

69

an anticoagulant

EDTA

70

general term for a kind of immunoassay

EIA

71

Examples of EIA

ELISA and EMIT

72

used in wine, non-toxic

EtOH

73

used in industries, toxic, can cause blindness

MetOH

74

MetOH can cause

blindness

75

Fasting requires how many hours of not eating

at least 8 hrs

76

what is being measured now instead of FBS

FBG

77

sweetest sugar

sucrose

78

only normal sugar in blood

glucose

79

if fetus has high levels of galactose in the blood, then it has

galactocemia

80

effects of galactocemia on the fetus

mental retardation, cataract, blindness

81

2 types of FA

UFA and SFA

82

healthy FA because it flows

UFA

83

FA found in gg, tulingan, tambakol, tuna, salmon

UFA

84

also called "sebo"

SFA

85

found in fats of cow

SFA

86

type of FA that hardens when cold

SFA

87

type of FA that causes atherosclerotic plaques and eventually CHD

SFA

88

another name for thyroxine

tetraiodothyronine

89

preferred method for toxicologic assay

GC-MS

90

functions for plasma filtration

glomerulus

91

wastes in plasma

urea, creatinine

92

waste from protein metabolism

urea

93

waste from muscle catabolism

creatinine

94

does urine have protein

no

95

components of urine

urea and creatinine

96

example of protein reabsorbed by the ureter

albumin

97

function of ureter

reabsorption

98

temporary storage of urine

bladder

99

enzyme used to determine chronic alcoholism

GGT

100

what does high levels of GGT mean

person is addicted to alcohol

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