Clinical Correlates Superficial/Deep Back Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Unit 1 > Clinical Correlates Superficial/Deep Back > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Correlates Superficial/Deep Back Deck (17):
1

Aortic Aneurysm

Aortic Arch Swollen at T2

2

Slipped Disk

trauma to annulus fibrosis such that nucleus pulposus comes out and presses against nerve root
posterior longitudinal ligament is weaker/smaller so presses into vertebral foramen onto root

3

Joint Pain

Hilton's Law -- nerve that crosses joints, innervates joints

4

Whiplash

strained/torn anterior longitudinal ligament

5

Climbing Muscles

Latissimus Dorsi

6

Lung Sounds

Triangle of Ausculation

7

Hernia (retroperitoneal)

Triangle of Petit
bounded by latissimus doors, external abdominal oblique, iliac crest

8

Back Strain

microtears in multifidus and erector spinae

9

Atherosclerosis

Sub occipital Triangle, deep headache, vertebral artery/suboccipital nerve C1

10

What is done to treat spinal stenosis?

Laminectomy--removal of the lamina of spine or bone spurs, damaged disks. Used to make more room for your spinal nerve and column

11

Lumbar spinal stenosis and what are its implications

Affects vertebral bodies, intervertebral disks of low back.
disk lose water content, shrink, and spurs appear
ligaments thicken
narrowing of spinal canal where nerves travel
-- pain, numbness, tingling, weakness of legs that is better sitting or leaning forward

12

Hangman's fracture

aka traumatic spondylolisthesis of axis
fracture that involves the pars interarticularis of C2 on both sides
result of : hyperextension and distraction
one of the most common cervical vertebrae injuries

13

Herniation

Herniation occurs when the annulus fibrosus becomes damaged allowing the gelatinous nucleus pulpous to leak out into the vertebral foramen due to the smaller size of the posterior longitudinal ligament
most common in lumbar region.
or occurs via dehydration of nucleus pulposus ( C5-C6, C6-7)

14

Laminectomy

Removal of spinous process/adjacent supporting lamina to gain access to the vertebral canal
relieve pressure caused by tumor, herniated IV disc, or bony hypertrophy
above L2- spinal cord exposure
below L2- roots of specific spinal nerves

15

Fracture/Dislocation of Atlas
Rupture of the transverse ligament

caused by vertical forces (diving and hitting bottom of pool), compression of lateral masses between occipital condyles and axis, fracturing one or both of the anterior or posterior arches
Jefferson or burst fracture

16

Spina Bifida Occulta

nueral arches of L5 and/or S1 fair to develop normally and fuse posterior to the vertebral canal, bony defect in vertebral L5/S1, tuft of hair, no back problems

17

Spinda Bifida Cystica

one or more vertebral arches may fail to develop completely
herniation of the meninges
severe cases from neural tube defects