Clinical- Joints & synovial structures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical- Joints & synovial structures Deck (19)
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1

What is inflammation of the tendon? Tendon Sheath?

Tendonitis, tenosynovitis

2

What is osteochondrosis?

a defect in endochondral ossification which causes the deeper layers of articular cartilage to die

3

What is osteochondrosis dissecans?

osteochondrosis with a dissecting flap or separated piece of cartilage

4

Where is the most common place for osteochondrosis in dogs

Shoulder: the head of the humerus

5

List the names for inflammation of the joint

Arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoarthrosis, osteoarthropathy

6

What is an infection in the joint with bacteria, virus and or fungus that causes cartilage damage

Septic arthritis

7

DJD stands for

Degenerative joint disease

8

List a few radiographic signs for hip dysplasia

Shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head

9

What is an osseous (bony) outgrowth seen radiographically

Osteophyte/ bone spur

10

What is the term for the increase of density of the bone

Sclerosis

11

what is immobility and consolidation of a joint due to disease, injury, or surgical procedure

Ankylosis

12

what is destruction of a bone, seen as reduced density

Lysis

13

what is luxation or dislocation

complete loss of contact between the articular surface of the joint

14

Define subluxation

Partial loss of contact between the articular surface of the joint

15

why are articular fractures so difficult to treat

Must achieve anatomical reduction and ridged skeletal fixation to perfectly align the cartilage surface or it will rapidly lead to DJD

16

What is a possible sequela to Salter Harris 5 fracture?

Angular limb deformity- deviation of the bones from the axis of the limb past the joint

17

What is valgus and what is varus

Valgus: lateral deviation of the bones from the axis of the limb past the joint
Varus: medial deviation

18

What results from twisting or over stretching a joint, causing a ligament to tear or separate from its boney attachment

Sprain

19

What is inflammation of a bursae

bursitis