Flashcards in Clinical- Joints & synovial structures Deck (19)
What is inflammation of the tendon? Tendon Sheath?
What is osteochondrosis?
a defect in endochondral ossification which causes the deeper layers of articular cartilage to die
What is osteochondrosis dissecans?
osteochondrosis with a dissecting flap or separated piece of cartilage
Where is the most common place for osteochondrosis in dogs
Shoulder: the head of the humerus
List the names for inflammation of the joint
Arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoarthrosis, osteoarthropathy
What is an infection in the joint with bacteria, virus and or fungus that causes cartilage damage
DJD stands for
Degenerative joint disease
List a few radiographic signs for hip dysplasia
Shallow acetabulum, flattened femoral head
What is an osseous (bony) outgrowth seen radiographically
Osteophyte/ bone spur
What is the term for the increase of density of the bone
what is immobility and consolidation of a joint due to disease, injury, or surgical procedure
what is destruction of a bone, seen as reduced density
what is luxation or dislocation
complete loss of contact between the articular surface of the joint
Partial loss of contact between the articular surface of the joint
why are articular fractures so difficult to treat
Must achieve anatomical reduction and ridged skeletal fixation to perfectly align the cartilage surface or it will rapidly lead to DJD
What is a possible sequela to Salter Harris 5 fracture?
Angular limb deformity- deviation of the bones from the axis of the limb past the joint
What is valgus and what is varus
Valgus: lateral deviation of the bones from the axis of the limb past the joint
Varus: medial deviation
What results from twisting or over stretching a joint, causing a ligament to tear or separate from its boney attachment