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Flashcards in Clinical Normals Deck (26):
1

Hb in men

130-180g/L

(13-18g/dL)

2

pH of blood

7.35-7.45

3

Albumin

35-50g/L

4

Normal fasting blood glucose

4-6 mmol/L

5

WBC

4,500-11,000 /microliter


4-11x10^9/L

6

Hb in women

115-160g/L

11.5-16 g/dL

7

Platelet count

150-400,000 / microliter

8

Target urinary output in an average adult

0.5-1 ml/kg/hr

(800-2000 ml/ day)

9

Target urine output in >65 yrs

0.25-0.5ml/kg/hr

10

Definition of oliguria

Urine output of <0.5 ml/kg/day

(<800ml/day)

11

Definition of anuria

Urine output of <50ml/day

12

Oxygen saturation target in COPD

88-92%

13

Oxygen saturation target in adults

94-98%

14

Definition of type 1 resp failure

PaO2 <8 kPa or 60 mm Hg (equivalent t about 90% saturation)
with a normal or low PaCO2

15

Definition of type 2 respiratory failure

Hypercapnia: PaCO2 > 4.6-6.1 kPa (34-46 mmHg)
even if oxygen saturation is within normal range

16

Normal HbA1c

< 6%

17

Random blood glucose definition of diabetes

> 200 mg/dL or > 11.1 mmol/L

18

Fasting blood glucose definition of diabetes

> 126 mg/dL or > 7 mmol/L

19

Adult maintenance fluids

30 ml/kg/day water
1 mmol/kg/day of sodium, potassium and chloride
50-100 g/day glucose

20

Mean Arterial Pressure

70-100 mmHg

21

Central venous Pressure

3-8 mmHg

22

FEVC1/FVC

>0.7 = obstruction

Normal = 0.8
(Normal or increased in restrictive lung disease)

22

CA19-9 is a marker of

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma

22

a-fetoprotein is a marker of

Hepatocellular carinoma

22

PSA is a marker of

Prostate cancer

22

Empiric therapy for CAP

Should cover Strep.pneumo
US guidelines - macrolide 500mg, if resistance is a problem then doxycycline.

UK - Amoxicillin or co-amoxiclav