Clinical Presentation of Cognitive Disorders Flashcards Preview

MD1 Neuroscience > Clinical Presentation of Cognitive Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Presentation of Cognitive Disorders Deck (18):
1

What can neuropsychology do in terms of diagnosis?

Pinpoint pathology/disease/syndromes

2

What can neuropsychology do in terms of rehabilitation?

Provide strategies to enhance outcome after brain injury/insult

3

What can neuropsychology do in terms of management?

Provide techniques for behavioural disturbance caused by brain injury

4

What can diagnostic assessments of cognition include?

Cognitive complaints
Time frames
Good interviewing and observation
Assessment of key domains of cognition
Incorporate knowledge from other medical professionals

5

What is cognitive rehabilitation?

Application of techniques and procedures
Implementations of supports to allow people to function
- Safely
- Productively
- Independently

6

What is the most important aspect of cognitive rehabilitation?

What are the patient's goals? - Not yours!
Goals set with patient

7

What is the model used in cognitive rehabilitation?

Active participation model

8

What is the active participation model of cognitive rehabilitation?

Rehabilitation takes place in real world contexts - where person most likely to use/need skills
Focus on enhancing participation and reducing functional limitations

9

What are the interventions in cognitive rehabilitation?

Must be tailored to individual

10

What are cognitive interventions linked with?

Emotional and behavioural reactions
- High rates of depression and anxiety
- Changes in emotional regulation post-injury

11

What are the two categories of cognitive interventions?

Environmental modifications
Compensatory strategies

12

What are environmental modifications?

Change physical and social environment to facilitate greater independence and reduce impact of person's cognitive and behavioural difficulties

13

When are environmental modifications useful?

Reduced insight
Reduced self monitoring and regulation
Significant/catastrophic attentional, memory, and executive deficits

14

What are compensatory cognitive interventions?

Training people to use behaviours/processes > circumvent difficulties caused by cognitive deficits

15

What are internal strategies in compensatory cognitive interventions?

Improvement of skill set/learn to use other skills

16

What are external strategies in compensatory cognitive interventions?

Use cues and aids to assist compensation of deficit

17

Is there a difference between being mentally active and brain training?

Yes

18

Is there any evidence that brain training work?

No evidence of transference of skills from training

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