Flashcards in Clinical Presentation of Cognitive Disorders Deck (18):
What can neuropsychology do in terms of diagnosis?
What can neuropsychology do in terms of rehabilitation?
Provide strategies to enhance outcome after brain injury/insult
What can neuropsychology do in terms of management?
Provide techniques for behavioural disturbance caused by brain injury
What can diagnostic assessments of cognition include?
Good interviewing and observation
Assessment of key domains of cognition
Incorporate knowledge from other medical professionals
What is cognitive rehabilitation?
Application of techniques and procedures
Implementations of supports to allow people to function
What is the most important aspect of cognitive rehabilitation?
What are the patient's goals? - Not yours!
Goals set with patient
What is the model used in cognitive rehabilitation?
Active participation model
What is the active participation model of cognitive rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation takes place in real world contexts - where person most likely to use/need skills
Focus on enhancing participation and reducing functional limitations
What are the interventions in cognitive rehabilitation?
Must be tailored to individual
What are cognitive interventions linked with?
Emotional and behavioural reactions
- High rates of depression and anxiety
- Changes in emotional regulation post-injury
What are the two categories of cognitive interventions?
What are environmental modifications?
Change physical and social environment to facilitate greater independence and reduce impact of person's cognitive and behavioural difficulties
When are environmental modifications useful?
Reduced self monitoring and regulation
Significant/catastrophic attentional, memory, and executive deficits
What are compensatory cognitive interventions?
Training people to use behaviours/processes > circumvent difficulties caused by cognitive deficits
What are internal strategies in compensatory cognitive interventions?
Improvement of skill set/learn to use other skills
What are external strategies in compensatory cognitive interventions?
Use cues and aids to assist compensation of deficit
Is there a difference between being mentally active and brain training?