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Flashcards in Clinical questions Deck (12):
1

What drug would you use in rhabdomyolysis?

An osmotic diuretic such as mannitol.

2

What is the treatment for a UTI is a women who is 3months pregnant?

Nitrofurantin

3

What is the treatment for a UTI is a women who is nine months pregnant?

Trimethoprin

4

What is the hospital treatment for a complicated UTI?

IV amoxicillin + IV gentamicin (co-trimoxazole + gentamicin if penicillin allergic)

5

What is the treatment for pyelonephritis in the community?

Co - amoxiclav

6

A patient presents with haematuria. They also have red cell casts, dysmorphic red blood cells and proteinuria

Nephritic syndrome

7

What is the triad of nephrotic syndrome?

Proteinuria (more than 3g per day)
Hypoalbuminamia
Oedema

8

A patient, who is in hospital being treated for infection, has muddy brown casts in his urin

Acute tubular necrosis due to nephrotoxic drugs

9

What disease need to treated before a renal transplant can be considered?

CMV
Hep B and C
HIV
EBV
Varicella Zoster

10

What are two absolute contraindications to renal transplant?

Cancer
Active infection

11

From which bacteria do you get haemolytic uraemic syndrome?

E Coli 0157

12

Are the kidneys small or large in amyloidosis?

Large