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What are the two physical exam tests to check for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)? Describe them.

Barlow maneuver: have the baby lying on back, take knees, flex and adduct hips and push back posteriorly to see if it dislocates.

If so, do the Ortolani test next. With baby on back, abduct the hip and with the fingers behind the hamstring pull the femur anteriorly to see if it dislocates.

Barlow - Back
Ortolani - Out and up