Clinical Tests & Conditions: WBC Flashcards Preview

Functional Histology VBMS 408 > Clinical Tests & Conditions: WBC > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Tests & Conditions: WBC Deck (16):
1

WBC Count

Numbers of WBC in a sample; should be 5,000-9,000 WB
WBCs/mm3

2

Differential WBC

Individual numbers of neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, monocytes and lymphocytes in a blood sample.

3

Leukocytosis

greater than 10,000 WBC/mm3;

4

When does Leukocytosis occur?

pregnancy, post exercise, fractures, burns, illness, infection

5

Leukopenia

Less than 5,000 WBC/mm3

6

When does leukopenia occur?

radiation/chemotherapy, anemia, autoimmune diseases, bone marrow diseases, HIV/AIDS

7

Thrombocythemia

high number of platelets

8

causes of thrombocythemia

proliferative issues of bone marrow ,inflammation, decreased spleen function

9

Thrombocytopenia

low number of platelets

10

What causes thrombocytopenia?

genetic disorders, leukemia, infections, vb12 deficiency, autoimmune disorders.

11

Hemophilia

a deficiency, congenital, of one or more clotting factors

12

Von Willebrand's disease

a deficiency of Von Willebrand's factor. (congenital)

13

How do we treat hemophilia and von Willebrand's disease?

give frozen or fresh plasma

14

DIC

Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. An overwhelming activation and consumption of clotting factors and platelets, followed by enhanced fibrinolysis

15

What causes acquired coagulation disorders?

liver disease, vitamin K deficiency, coumarin toxicity, DIC

16

How to treat DIC

heparin, normal plasma/ whole blood