Flashcards in Clinical Vocabulary Deck (24)
Bacteria (etc.) that normally inhabit body. They are usually acquired shortly after birth and considered nonpathogenic except in the case of immunocompromised hosts. Some serve an important function such as production of vitamin K by the enterobacteriaceae in the gastrointestinal tract.
Bacteria (etc.) present majority of time may change with different stages of life.
Come and go, do not usually cause damage.
presence of a microorganism (not normal flora) in or on the body may or may not result in clinical symptoms (disease).
How frequently an agent is transmitted to a susceptible person.
a change in health due to the infection, clinical manifestations.
Present in a low but constant level in an area.
More cases than predicted within a certain community
Epidemic that spreads throughout the world.
Capacity of a microorganism to cause infection.
Degree of pathogenicity, # of severe or fatal cases/total # of cases
Any property of an organism that determines ability to cause infection and severity of infection. For example: Attachment, survival, escaping immune system, etc.
outside of hospital
spread from person to person
associated with or carried by animals
an infection caused by a microorganism that does not usually cause a disease in a healthy individual. The patient is immunosuppressed or immunocompromised
a disease that is long-lasting
a disease that relapses repeatedly, with periods of remission in between.
A disease with both a rapid onset a short duration
The study of mechanisms involved in the spread of diseases and other health-related problems within a population
the cause of the infection.
Incidence of Disease
# of new cases within a specified time