CM LEC - Synovial Fluid Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CM LEC - Synovial Fluid Deck (59)
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1

Often referred as “joint fluid”

-

synovial fluid

2

- A viscous fluid found in the cavities of the movable
joints (diarthroses) or synovial joints

synovial fluid

3

Contained in a cavity that separates the articular cartilage which lines the bones in the synovial joints

synovial fluid

4

lines the bones in the synovial joints

articular cartilage

5

synovial fluid is found in

cavities of the movable
joints (diarthroses) or synovial joints

6

other name of synovial fluid

joint fluid

7

bones in synovial joints are separated by a ___
this __ also contains the synovial fluid

cavity

8

2 parts of synovial joint which reduce the friction between bones during joint movement

smooth articular cartilage
synovial fluid

9

- Provides nutrients to the articular cartilage

synovial fluid

10

lessens the shock of compression occurring during activities such as walking & jogging

synovial fluid

11

Formed as an ultrafiltrate of plasma across the synovial membrane

synovial fluid

12

specificity of filtration of synovial fluid

nonselective filtration except for high molecular weight proteins

13

most of the chemical constituents of synovial fluid is similar to ___ values due to the nonselective filtration of synovial fluid

plasma

14

- Viscosity is caused by the secreted mucopolysaccharide containing ___ of the synoviocytes

hyaluronic acid

15

specialized cells of synovial fluid

synoviocytes

16

hyaluronic acid in the mucoploysaccharide causes __

viscosity

17

damage to the articular membranes that
produces pain & stiffness in the joints

Arthritis

18

joint disorders classification
Microbial infection

septic

19

joint disorders classification
Degenerative joint disorder

non inflammatory

20

joint disorders classification
Crystal induced gout & pseudogout

inflammatory

21

joint disorders classification
Immunologic problems, including rheumatoid arthritis & lupus erythematosus

inflammatory

22

joint disorders classification
Traumatic injury

hemorrhagic

23

joint disorders classification
Coagulation deficiencies

hemorrhagic

24

Most frequently performed tests (5)

 WBC count
 Differential
 Gram stain
 Culture
 Polarized microscopy examination for crystals

25

synovial fluid Collected by ___

needle aspiration (arthrocentesis)

26

Amount of fluid present varies with __ (2)

joint size &
degree of fluid build up in the joint

27

sx collection and handling
_____ collected should be recorded

Volume of liquid

28

does normal SF clot or not?

- Normal synovial fluid does not clot

29

Fluid is usually collected in a __ moistened with heparin

syringe

30

Fluid is usually collected in a syringe moistened with __

heparin

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