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MS2 - Nervous System > CNS Neuropathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in CNS Neuropathology Deck (16):
1

The _____________ often gets "chewed up" in MS.

corpus callosum

2

It is possible to have enlarged ventricles without needing a shunt. Explain.

People can have enlarged ventricles due to loss of periventricular tissue, called hydrocephalus ex vacuo.

3

MS lesions in the brain often appear at the _______________.

gray-white junction (specifically veins)

4

MS is more common in _____________ but worse in _____________.

women; men

5

Immunohistochemical staining of ____________ allows for better identification of MS plaques.

myelin basic protein

6

Looking at a gross brain specimen, how can you tell communicating hydrocephalus?

The outer edges of the brain (near the meninges) will be scarred – preventing the CSF from getting into the sinuses.

7

Enhancing rings are ___________.

abscesses

8

Emboli usually appear at the _________________.

gray-white junction

9

Lewy body dementia spreads from _______________.

the substantia nigra to the limbic system to the cortex

10

The earliest effects of alcohol seem to be on _____________.

white matter

11

Chronic alcohol abuse leads to ________________.

cortical atrophy and meningeal fibrosis

12

What part of the cerebellum most often gets damaged in chronic alcohol abuse?

The superior/rostral cerebellar vermis

13

While MS mostly affects _________ matter, __________ matter is also affected.

white; gray

14

Neurocysticercosis might result from eating what?

Tapeworm-infested pork

15

Toxoplasmosis of the brain is often seen in _____________ patients and presents with _________________.

AIDS or otherwise immunocompromised; mononucleosis-like illness and maculopapular rash

16

___________ is a septate fungus that forms branches. It can sometimes present in patients with ______________.

Aspergillus; CNS neoplasms

Decks in MS2 - Nervous System Class (111):