Coastal development and conflict Case study: Dubai Flashcards Preview

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4 factors which have led to conflict between stakeholders in Dubai

-Oil production



-Property development


How has oil production led to conflict between stakeholders?

-They produce 150,000 barrels of oil a day

-Oil is very important to the economy of UAE, as petrodollars constitute 1/3 of the country's GDP

-Conflict between conservationists and oil companies occurs because oil tankers cause pollution in the Gulf. This can take 5-8 years to flush out because the Gulf is .a semi-enclosed body of water

-The pollution of the sea around Dubai causes conflict with the fishing industry as it can affect fish stocks


How has fishing led to conflict between stakeholders?

-Overfishing in Dubai is probelm there as there are no quotas set to limit the number of fish that can be caught.

-Increasing demand from tourists forfresh local fish is putting further strain on fish stock (hamour is at danger of extinction)

-Illegal fish nets are someitmes used which affect endangered species such as the hawksbill turtle.

-This creates conflict between conservation agencies such as the Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency (ERWDA) and the fishing industry


How does tourism lead conflict between stakeholders?

-In 2007 the number of hotel guests staying in Dubai was 7 million. This number has doubled in to 14 million in 2015.

-This causes conflict between the tourist industry and conservationists because the increase in tourists will lead to more sewage, litter and more erosion of the coastline.

-Four-wheeled drive vehicles sued for toursit excursions have also damaged turtle nesting beaches.


How does property development lead to conflict between stakeholders?

-Several mega projects such as The Palms (artificial islands with houses, and leisure facilities) can damage coastal habitats

-E.g. Palm Jebel Ali is being built over coral reef. SOme of these developments are also being built on land reclaimed from the Persian Gulf using material dredged from the seabed. Dredging destroys the seabed environment.

-Many developments also increase the number of tourists and so increase the problems they cause. This creates conflict between property developers and conservationists


What is an EIA?

-An Environmental Impact Assessment is a process to determine the environmental consequences of a development project


An example of an EIA in Dubai

-Undertaken for a proposed combined power station and desalinisation plant at Hassyan in Dubai

-Data from publications, internet research and satellite imagery was studied. Government officials, local interest groups and international experts consulted . An ecological survey to gather information on plants, animals, habitats and water quality was undertaken. They identified

-Sea quality changes-increased temperature and salinity

-Modification or loss of coastal habitats- coral reefs could be loss due to the seawater changes (corals sensitive to temperature changes

-Loss of the Jebl Ali Wildlife Sanctuary


What is a CBA (Cost-benefit Analysis)?

-Looks at the pros and cons of any development to be examined to see if it should go ahead. Used to compare different developments to see which is the best

-All aspects of the development are given a monetary value e.g. how much it costs and how much money it brings to the area

-Difficult to give a monetary value to all costs and benefits (e.g. the economic value of hamour fish is difficult to figure out) so it can be inaccurate


What is a value analysis?

-similar to a CBA but it involves examining the viewpoints of different stakeholders as well


Example of a value analysis

-After analysing the costs and benefits of the combined power station and desalinisation plant at Hassyan in Dubai, it was approved

-The viewpoints of different stakeholders ere considered, but the decision was largely due to the huge increase in the demand for water

-Dubai currently has the capacity to supply 26o m gallons/day, but demand is expected to increase to 800m gallons/day .

-The new desalinsation plant will however provide an extra 600m gallons/day