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Flashcards in Codes & Standards Glossary Terms Deck (35):
1

ANSI

Stands for the American National Standards Institute, which approves thousands of standards, including those for furniture and furnishings.

2

anthropometrics

The measure of the size, proportions and range of motion of the human body.

3

ASHRAE 62-2001

Sets minimum ventilation requirements to provide a level of indoor air quality that is safe.

4

assembly test (ASTM E119)

Fire is applied to one side of a wall assembly.

5

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials, is a standards writing organization.

6

ASTM D2859 methenamine pill test

This pass/fail test measures the size of the burn to determine flame resistance of textile floor coverings. — simply put: does it burn?

7

ASTM E648 (NFPA 253)

ASTM E648 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source.

8

ASTM E662 (NFPA 258)

Measures smoke density in lab conditions, in a smoke chamber – but can not predict the density of density of smoke generated by the materials upon exposure to heat and flame under actual fire conditions.

9

ASTM E84

Also known as the steiner tunnel test, and tests the flame spread rating of Interior Finishes and Building Materials.

10

BOMA

Building Owners and Managers Association BOMA uses the Standard Methods of Measurement (ANSI/BOMA Z65.1 – 2010) as its standard for measuring rentable area in new and existing office buildings.

11

building commissioning

In new construction, verifying that building systems work as designed and meet the original project goals and requirements.

12

common path of travel

The part of exit access that a building occupant would have to travel before two separate exit paths become available.

13

convection

In a warm or humid environment, the designer can use air movement to increase evaporation and keep occupants cooler through convection.

14

dead end corridor

A dead end corridor has an exit in only one direction. Per the NCIDQ Building codes dead end corridors MUST NOT exceed 20’-0”.

15

evaporation

In terms of human comfort, evaporation cools the body when the surrounding air temperature is warmer than the normal body temperature.

16

flooring radiant panel test (ASTM E648)

This test measures a carpet’s ability to spread flame in a corridor or exit way when a fully developed fire is nearby.

17

FSC®

Forest Stewardship Council® is to promote environmentally sound, socially beneficial and economically prosperous management of the world’s forests.

18

greenwashing

Greenwashing uses false or misleading language, marketing, statistics etc. to make it seem eco-friendly.

19

gross area

The gross area includes exterior wall thickness, and all vertical penetrations, and is measured to the outside finished surface of permanent exterior walls.

20

IAQ

IAQ is an acronym for Indoor Air Quality, an important consideration in sustainable interiors.

21

IFMA

International Facility Association uses Standard Practice for Building Floor Area Measurements for Facility Management (ASTM E1836) as its standard for measuring commercial spaces.

22

incidental space

Area that isn’t occupied by the client like closets, structural columns and walls, but is needed to create the client’s space.

23

ISO

International Organization for Standardization is an independent, non-governmental membership organization and the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards.

24

LEED

Leadership In Energy & Environmental Design is a national consensus-based building rating system designed to accelerate the development and implementation of green building practices.

25

net area

The space a client needs for their specific program functions like offices, work rooms or conference rooms.

Example: 7 junior managers need 100 sf each, so net area is 700.

26

NFPA

National Fire Protection Association reduces fire hazards by writing codes and standards regarding flammability and fire safety.

27

post consumer material

Post consumer material is material or product that has served its intended use and has either been diverted or recovered from waste destined for disposal.

28

pre-consumer recycled content

Pre-consumer recycled content refers to materials generated during manufacturing (trimmings or scraps) that have been recovered or diverted from solid waste.

29

radiation

In terms of human comfort, radiation is basically the transfer of heat energy from one surface to another.

30

rentable area

Calculated by adding the occupant area to a prorated portion of the shared building amenities.

31

scoping provisions

Scoping provisions help account for any differences between federal ADA, IBC, state regulations, and other codes and standards.

32

smoke density test (ASTM E662)

This test measures the amount of smoke given off by a material that is burning or smoldering.

33

steiner tunnel test

Also known as ASTM E84, tests the flame spread rating of Interior Finishes and Building Materials, specifically WALL and CEILING finishes.

34

Trombe Wall

A Trombe wall is used to reduce the use of a building’s heating and cooling systems through passive solar design.

35

vertical ignition test (NFPA 701)

NFPA 701 measures the flammability of DRAPERIES, CURTAINS and other window treatments.