Flashcards in COG - Final Deck (111)
two main types of cells in the nervous system
At the cellular level, information is transmitted in the nervous system by the conversion of what kind of energy?
electrical energy into chemical energy and then back into electrical
chemical cellular communication happens at the?
what does the neurotransmitter do?
chemical messengers that transmit a message from a nerve cell across the synapse to a target cell
What are the divisions of the nervous system?
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
What two structures make up the central nervous system?
Divisions of the peripheral nervous system
somatic nervous system (SNS)
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
What are the outer coverings of the brain?
Dura mater, arachnoid membrane, pia mater
The main components/structures in the brain include what?
Grey matter is grey because it consists of
densely packed cell bodies
Name the 5 lobes of the brain
Although there may be involvement across multiple lobes of the brain for cognition, the main lobe is believed to be the
Which cortex of the frontal lobe is typically associated with executive function?
If you were to experience agnosia, or inability to recognize objects, this would likely be due to damage to the __ lobe of the brain.
Visual processing is believed to be involved with the __ lobe of the brain.
Balance is typically associated with this part of the brain
The brain's subcortical structures include?
The subcortical structure believed to form and store memories associated with emotional events is the
The three parts of the brainstem from superior to inferior are the
The portion of the midbrain that produces the neurotransmitter dopamine is the
T/F: Efferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body
T/F: Afferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body
Which type of tracts in the CNS provide intrahemispheric connection?
The two arterial systems in the brain are __ arteries, which provide posterior blood circulation, and the __ arteries, which provide anterior circulation
T/F: SLPs do not need to be familiar with neurology to be effective
Cognition is an umbrella term for all higher mental processes including:
According to Solhberg & Mateer (1987, 2001, 2010), the two broad component types of attention are
executive control of attention
The four types of attention under executive control are
Listening to a spoken passage in the presence of background noise requires intact attention of what kind?