cognition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in cognition Deck (22):
1

problem solving strategies

trial and error, algorithms, heuristics, insight

2

functional fixedness

a block to problem solving that comes from thinking about objects only in terms of their typical function

3

mental sets

the tendency for people to persist in using problem solving patterns that have worked for them in the past

4

confirmation bias

the tendency to search for evidence that fits one’s beliefs while ignoring any evidence that does not fit those beliefs

5

convergent thinking

a problem is seen as having only one answer, and all lines of thinking will eventually lead to that single answer

6

divergent thinking

a person starts from one point and comes up with many different ideas or possibilities based on that point

7

binet’s mental ability test

decided a key element was a children’s mental age

8

lewis terman

revised binet’s test, developed the stanford-binet iq test (mental age/chronological age x 100)

9

the wechsler tests

iq tests for adults by david wechsler

10

crystallized intelligence

knowledge we have “crystallized” overtime - remains steady as we age

11

fluid intelligence

ability to problem solve, reason abstractly, and pick up new skills - diminishes with age

12

dove counterbalance general intelligence test (chitling test)

test designed to demonstrate that culture bias exists in the la gauge and dialect of tests

13

triarchic theory of intelligence

analytical, creative, practical intelligence

14

intellectual disability

neuro developmental disorder and is defined in several ways

15

terman’s “termites”

the iq children in the longitudinal study

16

emotional intelligence

acute awareness of and ability to manage one’s own emotions to facilitate thinking and attain specific goals, and the ability to understand what others feel

17

flynn effect

iq scores increasing overtime from generation to generation

18

jean piaget

believed concepts precede language

19

lev vygotsky

believed language helps develop concepts

20

linguistic relativity hypothesis

thought processes and concepts are controlled by language

21

g factor

general intelligence factor

22

s factor

individual scores on one particular area