Cognitive Approach Flashcards Preview

AS/A2 Psychology - Approaches > Cognitive Approach > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cognitive Approach Deck (12):
1

What is the cognitive approach?

- Mental processes & It's effect on behaviour

2

Main Assumption:

- Internal mental processes should be studies scientifically
- Mental processes. 'Private'. Indirectly studies by making inferences

3

Theoretical & Computer models are a way of studying...

Internal mental processes

4

An example of a theoretical model is?

The information processing approach

5

The information processing approach suggests:

- Information flows through the cognitive system in a sequence of stages
- Incl: Input, Storage, Retrieval,

6

An example of a theoretical model is:

MSM

7

Explain the computer model & computer analogy

- 'Computer Analogy' - Similarity in how computers & minds process process information
-

8

Explain how a computer & mind is similar:

- Central processor (Brain)
- Changing information into a usable code
- Store to hold information

9

What type of study is computer analogies useful in?

- Artificial Intelligence

10

What are Schema's?

Package of ideas developed through experience - Mental framework for the interpretation of incoming data.

11

The role of Sachems are?

Enable information to be processed quickly without being overwhelmed with information - perceptual errors.

12

What is cognitive neuroscience?

- Scientific study of the influence of brain structures (neuro) on mental processes (cognition). Advances in brain imaging techniques, such as fMRI and PET scans enables scientists to describe the neurological basis of mental processing.