Cognitive Decline and Depression Overview Flashcards Preview

Geriatrics > Cognitive Decline and Depression Overview > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cognitive Decline and Depression Overview Deck (21):
1

is depression a normal part of aging?

No

2

what is IMPACT

Improving Mood-Promoting Access to Collaborative Treatment

3

what is PEARLS

Program to Encourage Active Rewarding Lives for Seniors)

4

Goal with PEARLS

improve QOL & reduce depressive symptoms

5

ADRs with SSRIs

hyponatremia
serotonin syndrome
suicidal

6

what is discontinutation syndrome with SSRIs

Naseau
HA
dizzy
lethargy
flu-like symptoms

7

ADRs with TCAs

dry mouth
constipation
decreased urination/ retention
sedation

8

Are MAOIs used often?

No, due to fatal HTN crisis w/ tyramine foods

9

are benzos a good idea in the elderly

No

10

if a patient hasn't tolerated 2 antidepressants peds and depression is severe what should be considered?

ECT

11

where they use the wrong noun/ word

paraphasias

12

common in someone with an issue of alcohol. Will fill in random words

confabulation

13

making up new words

neologisms

14

stoping in mid sentance

blocking

15

takes a while to get to the point

circumstantaility

16

patient repeating something over and over

perseveration

17

non-sequitur. w/ acclerated rate of speech/ anxiety

derailment

18

total non-sequitiur w/ decompensation leading to incoherence

flight of ideas

19

Decline in thinking, reasoning and independent function d/t abnormal microscopic deposits that damage brain cells
Considered 3rd most common cause of dementia after VaD & AD (10 - 25 % cases)

Lewy body disease (DLB)

20

Under what number is mild on a MMSE

24

21

Under what is moderate on a MMSE

12