Cognitive Development Flashcards Preview

Psyc 351 > Cognitive Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cognitive Development Deck (14):
1

constructivist theory

curious scientists
knowledge = experience

2

equilibrium

everything makes sense based on rules/schemas

assimilation and accommodation are balanced

3

assimilation

adding to existing framework
easier

4

accommodation

reframing pre-existing framework
harder bc challenging assumptions

5

sensorimotor

0-2
imitation
object permanence
reflexes

6

imitation steps

facial expression imitation reflex
reflex goes away
intentional imitation
deferred imitation

7

object permanence

0-4 mths - none
5 mths - basic understanding
8-12 mths - A not B error

8

reflexes

simple reflexes: involuntary
primary reactions: voluntary movement
secondary reactions: expectations (crying = attention)
coordination of secondary reactions: planning to get reaction
tertiary reactions: creativity (ball = many possibilities)
internalization of schemas: primitive symbols - categorizations

9

preoperational

3-7
symbolism
animism
egocentrism - unable to take other's perspective (Mountain Task)
centred thinking - conservation tasks

10

concrete operational

7-11
successfully complete complex conservation tasks
operations (math)
reversible operations
logic

11

formal operational

12+
abstract thinking
hypothetical thinking
not everyone reaches this stage

12

piaget criticism

underestimated infants
overestimated adults
development should be more of a continuum?
may be testing performance
culture not included
did not discuss mechanisms of change

13

Vygotsky

learning influenced by CULTURE
learning from INTERACTIONS
zone of proximal development
scaffolding

14

theory of mind

2-5 yrs
understand that people have thoughts/beliefs that differ from your own
false belief tasks - child knows the truth (autistic children fail)