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Flashcards in Cold War Deck (48):
1

The Philiippines

a Southeast Asian country in the Western Pacific, comprising more than 7,000 islands.

2

Burma

a Southeast Asian nation of more than 100 ethnic groups, bordering India, Bangladesh, China, Laos and Thailand.

3

Geneva Accords

The Geneva Agreements of 1954 (also, "Geneva Accords") arranged a settlement which brought about an end to the First Indochina War.

4

TET Offensive

one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam against the forces of the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam, the United States Armed Forces, and their allies.

5

Vietnam

a Southeast Asian country on the South China Sea known for its beaches, rivers, Buddhist pagodas and bustling cities.

6

Ho chi Minh

born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.

7

Paris Peace Accords

an agreement between the government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (PRG), the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), and the United States to bring an end to the Vietnam War.

8

Laos

a Southeast Asian country traversed by the Mekong River and known for mountainous terrain, French colonial architecture, hill tribe settlements and Buddhist monasteries.

9

Cambodia

a Southeast Asian nation whose landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and Gulf of Thailand coastline.

10

Mugabe

Robert Gabriel Mugabe is a Zimbabwean revolutionary and politician who has governed the Republic of Zimbabwe as its President since 1987, having previously governed as its Prime Minister from 1980 to 1987.

11

Belgian Congo

a Belgian colony in Central Africa between 1908 and 1960 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Colonial rule in the Congo began in the late 19th century.

12

Israel

a Middle Eastern country on the Mediterranean Sea, is regarded by Jews, Christians and Muslims as the biblical Holy Land.

13

Palestine

a geographical and historical region in the Middle East

14

Suez Crisis

also named the Tripartite Aggression and the Kadesh Operation or Sinai War, was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.

15

Ayatollah Khomeini

known in the Western world as Ayatollah Khomeini, was an Iranian Shia Muslim religious leader, philosopher, revolutionary, and politician.

16

Six Day War

also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between June 5 and 10, 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.

17

Yasir

an indirect Quranic name for boys that means “easy” (opposite difficult), “right-handed”.

18

Arafat

Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa, popularly known as Yasser Arafat or by his kunya Abu Ammar, was a Palestinian political leader.

19

Camp David Accords

agreements between Israel and Egypt signed on September 17, 1978

20

Nehru-Ghandi

a prominent Indian political dynasty, which primarily consisted of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi and her descendants.

21

OPEC

a group consisting of 12 of the world's major oil-exporting nations.

22

Kwame Nkrmah

a Ghanaian nationalist leader who led the Gold Coast's independence from Britain and presided over its emergence as the new nation of Ghana.

23

Ghana

a nation on West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea, is known for diverse wildlife, old forts and secluded beaches, such as at Busua.

24

Kenya

a country in East Africa with coastline on the Indian Ocean. It encompasses savannah, lakelands, the dramatic Great Rift Valley and mountain highlands.

25

Pan-Iranism

an ideology that advocates solidarity and reunification of Iranian peoples living in the Iranian plateau and other regions that have significant Iranian cultural influence, including the Persians, Azerbaijanis, Ossetians, Kurds, Zazas, Tajiks of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, the Pashtuns and the Baloch of Pakistan.

26

J)mo Kenyetta

a Kenyan politician who governed the Republic of Kenya as Prime Minister from 1963 to 1964 and then as President from 1964 to 1978. He was the first person to hold that latter post. He led the Kenya African National Union party.

27

Mau Mau Uprising

also known as the Mau Mau Rebellion, Mau Mau Revolt, or Kenya Emergency, was a military conflict that took place in British Kenya between 1952 and 1960.

28

Quang Duc

a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a busy Saigon road intersection on 11 June 1963. Quang Duc was protesting the persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government led by Ngô Đình Diệm.

29

Zaibatsu

a large Japanese business conglomerate.

30

Scap

(originally briefly styled Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers) was the title held by General Douglas MacArthur during the Allied occupation of Japan following World War II.

31

Khmer Rouge

the name given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea in Cambodia.

32

Religious Fundementalism

refers to the belief of an individual or a group of individuals in the absolute authority of a sacred religious text or teachings of a particular religious leader, prophet,and/ or God .

33

State Capitalism

a political system in which the state has control of production and the use of capital.

34

Muslim League

a political party established during the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire.

35

Indian National Congress

a broad-based political party in India. Founded in 1885, the Congress led India to independence from Great Britain, and powerfully influenced other anti-colonial nationalist movements in the British Empire.

36

Dalai Lama

important monks of the Gelug school, the newest school of Tibetan Buddhism which is nominally headed by the Ganden Tripas.

37

Singapore

an island city-state off southern Malaysia, is a global financial center with a tropical climate and multicultural population.

38

Hong Kong

an autonomous territory, and former British colony, in southeastern China.

39

West Bank

a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, forming the bulk of territory now under Israeli control, or else under joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority control, and which final status of the entire area is yet to be determined by the parties concerned.

40

Mohammad Mossadegh

an Iranian politician. He was the head of a democratically elected government, holding office as the Prime Minister of Iran from 1951 until 1953, when his government was overthrown in a coup d'état aided by the United States' Central Intelligence Agency and the United Kingdom's Secret Intelligence Service.

41

Iranian Revolution

(also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution) refers to events involving the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who was supported by the United States, and its eventual replacement with an Islamic Republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution, supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.

42

Saddam Hussein

the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.

43

Iran Contra Affair

also referred to as Irangate, Contragate or the Iran–Contra scandal, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.

44

PLO

an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of the "liberation of Palestine" through armed struggle, with much of its violence aimed at Israeli civilians.

45

Kibbutz

a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture.

46

Balfour Declaration

a single paragraph in a letter dated 2 November 1917 from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland.

47

Bhutto

the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan and the leader of the centre-left Pakistan Peoples Party. She was the first woman to head a Muslim majority nation.

48

Taliban

alternatively spelled Taleban, which recently changed their name and identity to Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war within that country.