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Flashcards in Cold War Deck (39):
1

What does the term “Cold War” refer to?

When there were high tensions between US and the USSR, and a struggle for world power

2

What countries were involved in the Cold War?

The US and the USSR

3

How did the Cold War start?

It started when both countries had weapons that they didn’t want to tell the other about

4

What was the Truman doctrine and what did it do?

It was a doctrine that stated that the US would help any country fight for freedom and liberty

5

What was containment?

It was when someone wanted to keep something or someone in the same place it was in, or smaller, not growing

6

What was being contained?

Communism

7

What did the Marshall plan do?

It gave millions to European countries to help rebuild after WWII.

8

How did the Marshall plan affect the countries?

They would hopefully be in favor of the West and their ideas and be against communism.

9

When was the United Nations established

After WWII

10

What was the purpose of the UN

To maintain peace and settle disputes

11

Was the us a part of the UN?

Yes

12

What was nato?

It was a pact that included US, Canada and 10 western European countries

13

What was the goal/ purpose of NATO?

To have collective security, if one was attacked, the others would fight with them.

14

What was the Warsaw Pact?

It was a pact of Eastern European countries who also wanted collective security. If one was attacked, all would help

15

What was the Berlin airlift?

The US airlifted food and supplies to the people of West Berlin to help them.

16

Why did the Berlin airlift occur?

The Soviets blockaded West Berlin to try and shut out western nations from west Germany

17

What is the 38th parallel?

It is a line of longitude

18

Where can the 38th parallel be found?

In Korea, splitting the two countries

19

How did the Korean War start?

When North Korea invaded South Korea

20

What happened during the Korean War?

The N. Koreans pushed the UN and S. Koreans back and then were cut off by a plan MacArthur devised.

21

What aaa the outcome of the Korean War?

The line that separated the countries stayed the same

22

Who was Douglas MacArthur?

He was a general in charge of the UN troops in Korea.

23

What happened to MacArthur during the Korean War?

He pushed the n. Koreans almost out of Korea and then suggested that the us bomb China since they were communist. He was fired soon after that.

24

What was the HUAC?

They were in charge of investigating for communist organizations. They looked at Hollywood and the film industry

25

Who was Joesph McCarthy?

He was a senator

26

What did McCarthy do?

He suggested that a bunch of people were communist without and proof or evidence.

27

What is McCarthyism?

It’s when someone blames another without proof or evidence.

28

How did the us respond to McCarthyism?

They went crazy and were very paranoid.

29

What was the Cuban missle crisis?

When the USSR put missiles in Cuba as a response to the us putting missiles in turkey.

30

How was the Cuban missle crisis resolved?

Both countries took their missiles out of their respective countries.

31

Who were the beatniks?

They were the hipsters of 1950s

32

What ideas did the beatniks advance?

The idea of new music, new times. Had slang, critiqued social values and conformity and questioned the future

33

What were the big consumer items of the 1950s

Cars

34

What things were Americans able to own for the first time?

Houses

35

What roles did women play in 1950s

The good housewife, some worked if needed

36

What expectations did society have for women of that time?

Keep house, watch kids, be happy, welcome husband home.

37

How did women feel about the expectations of the time

They didn’t like it, they didn’t have a voice.

38

What were the major pop culture phenomena of the time?

Elvis Presley, rock and roll, leave it to beaver and other shows

39

How did tv and music change 1950 culture?

Showed kids their roles, returned to traditional roles