Cold War Flashcards Preview

AP US History > Cold War > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cold War Deck (49):
0

Casablanca

January 43. FDR and Churchill meet to discuss allied strategy. Stalin declined. Couldn't accept immediate second front opening in Western Europe. Decided on only unconditional surrender

1

Tehran

Nov 43. FDR, Churchill and Stalin. Stalin agreed to enter war in pacific after Europe. For promised Anglo americn second front would be established in 6 months. Willing to let Stalin have some polish land but supported polish gov in London, unresolved

2

Yalta

Feb 45. Fdr wanted to give Stalin land in pacific

3

Molotov

Soviet unions prime minister that met with Truman and Truman chastised him for violations of yalta accords.

4

Potsdam

Churchill (replaced by clement Attlee), Truman, Stalin
Accepted adjustments of polish German border but refused to permit Russia to claim any preparation s from the American French and British zones. Confirmed Germany would remain divided with west zone united into one nation and the Russia zone separate.

5

Chiang Kai shek

Nationalist leader of China

6

George F kennon

For containment

7

The Truman doctrine

Support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or outside pressure

8

What were the motives to reconstruct Western Europe

Humanitarian concern for people fear Europe would remain an economic drain on the US if not rebuilt desire for strong European market for American goods West Europe might fall to Communist Party

9

Economic cooperation administration

Agency that would administer the Marshall plan

10

Atomic energy commission

Supervisory body charged with overseeing all nuclear research civilian and military approved development of new hydrogen bomb nuclear weapon more powerful than ones from 45

11

National security act of 1947

Reshaped nation's major military and diplomatic institutions. New department of defense to oversee all branches of our armed services combining functions of war and Navy department

12

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty organization declared that armed attack against one member would be considered an attack against all

13

Warsaw Pact of 1955

Soviet union alliance with Communist governments in Eastern Europe

14

NSC 68

National Security Council report issued in 1950 outline shift in American position distinguish between areas of vital interest the US and areas of less importance to nations foreign-policy and called on America to share burden of containment allies

15

Serviceman's readjustment act of 1944

G.I. Bill of rights provided economic and educational assistance to veterans

16

John L Lewis

Lead United mine workers on strike shutting down coal fields for 40 days

17

Fair deal

Social Security benefits raising minimum-wage program to ensure full employment to federal spending and investment permanent sampling and practices act public housing and slum clearance long-range environmental and public works planning and government promotion of scientific research

18

Taft Hartley act

Labor-management relations act of 1947 m legal closed shop continue to permit creation of union shop permitted states to pass right to work laws prohibiting that. Truman vetoed

19

States rights party

Dixiecrat. Nominated storm Thurmond of South Carolina

20

Progressive party

Left-wing Henry a Wallace as candidate in 1948 election

21

Americans for Democratic action

Democratic liberals unwilling to leave the party attempted to dump the president try to entice Eisenhower but he refused that they conceded to Truman

22

Thomas E Dewey

Republican candidate in 1948

23

National housing act of 1949

Provided for new construction of units of low income housing company by long-term rent subsidies

24

Film noir

Kind of stomach that origination named for those dark lightning that was characteristic of the shop portrayed loneliness of individuals in an impersonal world and suggested menacing character of the age delimbing possibility of us distraction addressed nuclear fear I can twilight zone Ircon

25

Shelley versus Kramer

1948 quarts couldn't be used to enforce private covenants meant to bar blacks from residential neighborhood

26

Syngman Rhee

Anti-Communist but nominally democratic in charge of pro-Western government of Korea

27

Douglas MacArthur

Wants to attack China itself evolving communist voice fired

28

House un-American activities committee

Held widely publicized investigations to prove that under democratic rule the government had tolerated communist subversion

29

Whittaker Chambers

Former communist agent who turned against party and became editor at Time magazine and told committee that hiss passed classified State Department documents through him to the Soviet Union

30

J Edgar Hoover

Director of federal Bureau of investigation FBI harassed allegedly radicals

31

Mccarron internal security

Required all communist organizations to register with government unpublished records creating other restrictions chairman featured Congress overrode

32

Klaus Fuchs

Versus scientist testified that he delivered to Russians details of manufacture of bomb case settled on Julius and Ethel Rosenberg based on testimony of Ethels brother David Green glass

33

McCarthys assistants

Roy Cohn and David schine

34

Adlai E Stevenson

Democratic nomination candidate for 1952

35

Republican candidate in 1952

Eisenhower

36

John Foster Dulles

Eisenhower Secretary of State Denounced containment policies of Truman years of passive argued US should pursue active program of liberation

37

Dulle's policy of massive retaliation

US would respond to communist threats to its allies not by using conventional forces and local conflict but by relying on the different massive retaliatory power

38

Ho Chi Minh

Communist opposed French rule in Vietnam determined to win independence For his country

39

Mohammed Mossadegh

Nationalist Prime Minister of Iran resisted presence of West Corporation

40

Mohammed Rezza Pahlevi

Young Shaw elevated by the CIA from constitutional monarchy to become ruler closely tied with America

41

Gen. Gamal Abel Nasser

Leader of Egypt

42

Aswan dam

To be built across the Nile

43

Jocobo arbenz Guzman

Led leftist government in Guatemala thought it was communist

44

Fulgencio Batista

Ruled as military dictator since 1952 in Cuba

45

Fidel Castro

Lead resistance movements to Batista

46

Nicholi Bulganin

Soviet Union premier met with Eisenhower and Nations leaders in Geneva no agreement

47

Nikita Khrushchev

Succeeded Bulganin as premier

48

Francis Gary Powers

Pilot of an SU plane shot down in Russia held in captivity