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Flashcards in Colonial America Deck (126)
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Why was New Netherland important?

New York - water, ports

1

What was the starving time?

It was the time when Jamestown had no leader, fought with the Native Americans, and were short on food.

2

What were Roger Williams's main reasons for establishing the colony of Rhode Island?

He was kicked out of Connecticut because he believed in not taking Native land and people should be persecuted for religion. It had religious tolerance and a safe place for disents.

3

What right was granted to the colonists in the Charter of Liberties?

The right to elect representatives to the legislature.

4

What was "blue gold"?

Indigo

5

Why did the English settle in North America?

Economic reasons
religious freedom
they were being persecuted

6

Why did the separatists and Puritans leave England and settle in North America?

They were persecuted
they had trouble finding jobs
they were worried that their children were losing religious values and English way of life

7

How did the Middle Colonies grow

The southern colonies grew
more slaves were needed for plantations
many people came as indentured servants
new crops were discovered such as indigo

8

Who was the leader or founder of Connecticut?

Thomas Hooker

9

Who was the leader or founder of New Hampshire?

John Wheelwright

10

Who was the leader or founder of Massachusetts

John Winthrop & Bradford

11

Who was the leader or founder of Rhode Island?

Roger Williams

12

Who was the leader or founder of Pennsylvania?

William Penn

13

Who was the leader/founder of New Jersey?

John Berkeley and George Carteret

14

Who was the leader/founder of Delaware

Swedish settlers

15

Who was the leader/founder of New York?

Dutch settlers

16

Who was the leader/founder of South Carolina?

a group of 8 aristocrats

17

Who was the leader/founder of North Carolina

a group of 8 aristocrats

18

Who was the leader/founder of Georgia?

James Oglethorpe

19

Who was the leader/founder of Virginia

John Smith

20

Who was the leader/founder of Maryland?

Cecilius Carver

21

Representatives of the colonies of Virginia, or the house of ________ made local laws for the colonies

Burgesses

22

The ____________ was a document created by the Pilgrims before they landed at Plymouth Rock

Mayflower compact

23

A landowner who acquired large estates from the Dutch West India Company was called a __________.

patroon

24

A person who worked without pay for a certain amount of time in order to pay for passage to America was called an _____________.

indentured servant

25

In 1606 groups of merchants sought documents, called _______ which granted the right to organize settlements in an area.

charters

26

Only 35 of the 102 Mayflower passengers were ________ people who made the journey to America for religious purposes.

pilgrims

27

The quakers in Pennsylvania were examples of _______ people who refuse to use force or to fight in wars

pacifists

28

In 1733 James Oglethorpe started a colony for ________ or people who were not able to repay the money they owed to others.

debtors

29

Settlers who paid their own way to the colony were given a ________ or land grant

headright