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Flashcards in Comatose Deck (16):
0

hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy can result in

diffuse hemispheric damage

2

tumor destroying hypothalamus

diencephalon lesion (ARAS pathway)

3

basilar artery occlusion

high pontine and lower midbrain paramedian tegmental injury (affects median raphe and nucleus ceruleus -- wakefulness)

4

basilar embolus

paramedian portion of the upper midbrain and caudal diencephalon

5

pontine hemorrhage

compression of brainstem

6

small and reactive pupils

diencephalon
diffuse effects of drugs, metabolic encephalopathy

7

anisocoria

uncal herniation

8

midposition, fixed pupils

midbrain lesion

9

pinpoint puils

pontine lesion

10

large pupils

pretectal

11

NT produced by locus cereleus

NA

12

NT produced by median raphe nuclei

5HT

13

NT produced by ventral periaqueductal gray matter

DA

14

NT produced by tuberomammillary nucleus

His

15

NT produced by lateral hypothalamus

Orexin
melanin-concentrating hormone

16

NT produced by basal forebrain

ACh
GABA