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Flashcards in Commerce Deck (19):
1

List the process of legislative change

1) 1st reading-introduction
2) 2nd reading- policy input
3) 3rd reading- consideration in detail ( change it fix it)
4) approved by House of Representatives
5) bill - senate selection of bills committee
6) 1st reading
7) 2nd reading
8) legislation committee public hearing- have your say
9) committee of the whole senate ( change it fix it)
10) 3rd reading
11) royal assent by Governor General
12) bill

2

Imprisonment

Offender is held in prison for a set amount of time where they are seperated from the rest of society so they cannot cause any more harm

3

Fines

Offender is required to pay a set amount of money

4

Home detention

Offender must remain at home for a set amount of time and if they leave the house they are sent to prison

5

Community service

Offender is required to work for a community organisation for a set amount of time

6

Bonds

Offender must meet certain requirements e.g. Attend a rehabilitation centre. Failure to do so results in further punishment

7

Actus reus

( guilty act) the prosecution must prove the offender committed the crime voluntarily

8

Men's rea

Guilty mind- the prosecution must prove that the accused committed the crime with intent negligence or recklessness

9

Law evaluation criteria

-resource efficiency
-responsiveness
-accessibility
-has justice been achieved
-protection of individual rights
-enforceability
-application of the rule of law
-meeting society's needs

10

Law

Rule set in place by the governments that must be obeyed or punishments will be applied

11

Rule

Guideline created by and organisation e.g school that is enforced by them alone and has no legal backing

12

Custom

Tradition carried on by generations of people for enjoyment and has no consequential backing for not following

13

Criminal law

Law restricting behaviour which harms society

14

Administrative law

Relating to operation of the government

15

Constitutional law

Relating to division of power

16

Private law/civil law

Legal relations between individuals and or orgnisations

17

Contract law

Controls behaviour and protects individuals who have created a legally binding contract

18

Tort law

Involve incidents where one person has inconvenienced or breached another persons rights

19

Why are laws needed in society

Laws are needed in society to maintain peace and order and to protect people's individual rights