Common childhood skeletal problems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Common childhood skeletal problems Deck (9):
1

Skull

1. Craniosynostosis
Premature closure of sutures
Irregular growth of skull
+Suture ridging
Surgical correction if multiple
2. Plagiocephaly
Asymmetry of skull
Normal HC
Usually corrects in first few years

2

Chest

1. Pectus carinatum
2. Pectus excavatum
Adolescence
Distress
May have surgical correction

3

Arms and hands

1. Absent/extras seen
2. Can be linked to other malformations ->VACTERL

4

Legs

1. Bow legged->Genu varum
2. Knock-kneed->Genu valgum
Common in preschool children
Usually resolves itself
If extreme bowed->vit D deficiency (Rickets)

5

Spine

1. Spina bifida
Neurological impairment
Movement and continence
Linked with hydrocephalus
2. Scoliosis
Growing adolescentc
Children w/ NM disorders
Splinting/surgery may be needed

6

Hip

1. Congenital dysplasia of the hips
Female, breech, first born
Screening
Repeat until walking
2. Perthes
3. Slipped epiphyses

7

Feet

1. Talipes equinovarus
Common in newborns as transient
Rarely needs correcting
PhysioT and surgery if persistent

8

Toe walking

1. Common behavioural habit
2. Usually have normal legs
3. Can be a sign of diplegic cerebral palsy

9

Flat feet

1. Common in toddlers
2. Does not impair walking
3. In older, may cause knee pain
4. Podiatrist to correct with supportive instep

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