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Flashcards in Common Dislocations Deck (11):
1

What nerve can be damaged in a shoulder dislocation?

axillary

2

What is the immediate management for a shoulder dislocation?

anterior - neuromuscular assessment and open reduction
posterior - reduction under sedation

3

what does a lightbulb sign on an x-ray indicate?

posterior shoulder dislocation

4

how is an elbow dislocation managed?

closed reduction under sedation. 2 weeks in sling and rehab

5

how are dislocations of the interphalangeal joints managed?

closed reduction under digital or metacarpal block. 2 weeks in neighbour strapping. volar slab in edinburgh position is unstable

6

what is torn along with a dislocation of the patella

medial patella femoral ligament

7

how is a patella dislocation managed?

reduce with the knee in extension. brace. physio

8

what stuff can potentially be damaged in a knee dislocation

popliteal artery/vein
peroneal nerve

9

how is a knee dislocation managed

reduction under sedation
stabilise in splint or external fixation
knee surgery - vascular repair (6 hours window), nerve repair

10

what nerve can be damaged in a hip dislocation

sciatic

11

what is the management for a hip dislocation

urgent reduction
stabilise in traction if required