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Flashcards in Common Foreign & Security Policy Deck (15):

Goal of Maastricht




European Political Cooperation
foreign ministers would meet to discuss foreign policy and coordinate positions
loose and voluntary outside of community
led to creation of European Council of 1974
 ultimate foreign recognition under SEA


CAP Case: Yugoslavia



CAP Case: Iraq



CAP Case: Libya



Petersburg Tasks (def)

a list of security and military priorities that define the type of actions that the EU undertakes in a time of conflict management

incorporated into the Treaty of the European Union with the Treaty of Amsterdam


Petersburg Tasks (list)

through the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009, the tasks were expanded to include

humanitarian and rescue tasks

conflict prevention and peacekeeping tasks

tasks of combat forces in conflict management

joint disarment operations

military advice and assistance tasks

post-conflict stabilization tasks


Treaty of Lisbon changes

High Rep position to include:
vice presidential seat on the Commission
Chair of the Foreign Affairs Council for the Council of the EU
Director of the European External Action Service

**defined leader for the CFSP


NATO Overview

signed april 1949 (28 members)
intergovernmental political and military alliance
bound by shared democratic values
collective defense/mutual defense
Article 5
military spending 70% of global total


NATO Timeline

only 22 EU members in NATO
Cold War--defensive organization (US dominated)
Post Cold War--defensive and offensive
1992 Maastricht leads to CFSP
1992 Petersburg tasks--humanitarian aid
1994 Collective assets available to alliance
96-99 Berlin Plus--EU can use NATO resources
2001 beginning of institutionalized relations


EU/MS foreign policy traditions



Treaty of Amaterdam

est policy planning and early warning unit
        centralized Brussels post
        high representative
*incorporated the Petersburg tasks into EU treaties


Obstacles for future progress?

EU has used NATO capabilities twice:
Operation Concordia in Dec 2003
EUFOR Althea in 2004



Beginning of CFSP

1945 system based on Yalta, Potsdam, and the UN

1947 realization that system would not stem Soviet expansion
collective security system built around Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, NATO, Atlantic Partnership, and American leadership

wars on need of stability, democracy, and unity


NATO-CFSP evolution

April 1949 NNATO signed
May 1952 European Defense and Political Committee Treaty (big 6)
        1954 French National Assembly Rejects
Treaty of Rome in 1957
        no mention of foreign policy
        EEC focused on domestic economic policy
development of the single market--spillover

Dec 1969 Hague Summit
        initiated foreign policy cooperation
        integration beyond economics
        paved way for EPC (European Political Cooperation) in 1970