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Flashcards in Common oral health problems in older adults Deck (41):
1

common oral disorders in older adults

1. root caries
2. tooth loss
3. xerostomia

2

risk factors associated with development of root caries

1. gingival recession
2. dental pulpal stenosis
3. cariogenic foods
4. salivary gland dysfunction
5. relatively poor oral hygiene
6. suboptimal cervical restorations
7. removable partial dentures
8. intraoral sensory impairment

3

how many adults aged 55 years and over have lost all their natural teeth?

one in five

4

T/F: rates of total tooth loss nearly DOUBLED between ages 55-64 and 65-74 years

true

5

T/F: rates of total tooth loss is more than 40% among adults 85 years and over

true

6

causes of tooth loss in older adult

dental caries > perio disease > pre-prosthetic > fractures

7

a study found that the major reason for tooth extraction was dental caries and it was found in what percent of all cases?

60%

8

what percent of tooth extraction in the oldest age group is due to dental caries?

77%

9

causes of increase in late-life tooth loss

1. medical conditions encourage extraction vs complex treatments
2. changing policies in the provision of dental care by 3rd parties
3. personal economic advantages
4. facilities daily oral care by care-givers

10

what age is considered young old?

65-69 and 70-75

11

what age is considered old?

76-80 and 80-84

12

what age is considered oldest old?

85+

13

T/F: there is no age-associated diminution of parotid gland fluid output for either the unstimulated or stimulated states

true

14

T/F: parotid fluid rates show constant "normal" variability, but this remains constant across life span

true

15

T/F: the responsiveness of parotid gland to physiologic challenge DECREASES with increased age

false, unchanged

16

main groups of medications that may give rise to xerostomia

1. anticonvulsants
2. antidepressants
3. antihistamines
4. anticholinergics
5. diuretics
6. hypotensives
7. muscle relaxants
8. narcotics
9. hypnotics
10. minor/major tanquilizers
11. sympathomimetics

17

urinary antispasmodics

1. hyscyamine (Cystospaz)
2. oxybutynin (Ditropan)
3. flavoxate (Urispas)
4. atropine/hyoscyamine (Urised)

18

dementia

loss of ability to think and remember of sufficient degree in order to interfere with social functioning and activities of daily living

19

T/F: dementia causes impairment of at least 2 brain functions such as memory loss and judgment

true

20

according the to NIH, what occurs in about 45% of those diagnosed with Alzheimer's and other dementias?

swallowing problems (dyspagia)

21

prevalence of dementia in older adults age 65-74 is what percent?

2%

22

prevalence of dementia in older adults age 75-84 is what percent?

30%

23

prevalence of dementia in older adults age 85+ is what percent?

50%

24

Alzheimer's disease

a PROGRESSIVE neurodegrenerative disorder that is characterized by the RELENTLESS DECLINE of cognitive fxn, judgement, perception and personality, and ultimately the LOSS OF THE DISTINCTIVE AND SHARED QUALITIES that define an individual's existence

25

when is onset of symptoms until death of patients with Alzheimer's disease?

3-20 years, average 8 years

26

what percent of all nursing home patients in US have Alzheimer's disease?

50%

27

T/F: no treatment has been proven totally successful in reversing course of Alzheimer's disease

true

28

symptoms of Alzheimer's disease

1. recent memory loss that affects job performance
2. difficulty performing familiar tasks
3. problems with language
4. disorientation of time and place
5. poor or decreased judgement
6. problems with abstract thinking
7. misplacing things
8. changes in mood or behavior
9. changes in personality
10. loss of initiative

29

a definitive diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is only possible with what?

brain biopsy or an autopsy

30

what are the 2 most common causes of death in patients with Alzheimer's disease?

1. bronchopneumonia or aspiration pneumonia (38.4%)
2. ischemic heart disease (23.1%)
3. neoplastic diseases (3.8%)

31

common cause of death in general population of same-aged elderly (non-demented)

1. ischemic heart disease (22%)
2. neoplasms (21.3%)
3. bronchopnemonia (2.8%)

32

common cause of death in patients with Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementias?

1. bronchopneumonia
2. circulatory diseases

33

T/F: knowledge about what actually causes death is of value in the terminal care of patients with dementia disorders

true

34

T/F: numerous studies have found that pathogens responsible for aspiration pneumonia were colonized in the dental plaque or oropharynx of patients

true

35

clinical issues when caring for the patient with dementia

1. cooperation during appointments
2. meds that alter oral environment
3. providing informed consent
4. dietary habits
5. post-operative care
6. home care

36

phase 1 of patients with Alzheimer's disease are disoriented to what?

disoriented to time

37

patients in phase 1 Alzheimer's disease

1. still able to perform self care
2. still able to adapt to new removable prostheses
3. introduce family or friend in oral health care

38

phase 2 of patients with Alzheimer's disease are disoriented to what?

disoriented to time and place

39

patients in phase 2 Alzheimer's disease

1. engage family or friend in oral health care
2. power driven toothbrushes of high value
3. use antimicrobial agents
4. remove posterior teeth with questionable prognosis

40

phase 3 of patients with Alzheimer's disease are disoriented to what?

disoriented to time, place and person

41

patients in phase 3 Alzheimer's disease

1. remove symptomatic teeth
2. meds induced xerostomia prevalent
3. discontinue use of removable prostheses