Common Skin Disorders Flashcards Preview

Dermatology > Common Skin Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Skin Disorders Deck (39):
1

Rosacea

Chronic inflammatory condition of middle aged adults.

2

Rosacea rash

Mild flushing to deep reddened appearance
Telangectaseas
Papules and pustules,, but NO comodones

3

Aggravating factors of rosacea

Hot liquids
Spicy foods
Alcohol consumption
Sun exposure
Extreme temps
Vasodilating drugs
Emotional factors

4

Mild rosacea tx

Azelaic acid BID
Metronidazole cream daily
Erythromycin cream BID
Clindamycin gel BID

5

Severe rosacea tx

Tetracycline PO
Doxycycline PO

6

Rhinophyma

Soft tissue hypertrophy related to vasodilation

7

Acne patho

1: Hyperkeratinization and obstruction of sebaceous glands.
2: Androgen stimulation increases sebum production
3: Colonization of propionibacterium acnes

8

Is acne vulgaris a cyst?

No, it is a papule or pustule

9

Type I acne tx

Topical benzoyl peroxide

10

Keratolytics

Used for inflammatory acne
Retin-A, Avita
Creams better for dry faces, gel better for oily faces
May have pustular flare, may take 4-6 wks

11

Acne topical abx

Erythromycin, clindamycin

12

Topical acne abx must be used in combo with/

Benzoyl peroxide
Combos exist (benzacilin)

13

Acne systemic abx

Used for mod to severe
Doxycycline

14

Isotretinoin (Accutane)

Monitored by dermatologist
Potent teratogen, must use 2 forms of birth control and have negative preg test

15

Folliculitis

Infxn of hair follicles
Caused by staph A
"hot tub" folliculitis caused by pseudo

16

Folliculitis tx

debriedment
Topical abx (bactroban)

17

Furuncle

Boil
May arise from folliculitis

18

Furuncle tx

Hot compress
I&D
Systemic abx if severe

19

Indications for systemic abx in furuncle

Constitutional sx
Cellulitis >5 cm
Bactrim, Keflex

20

Pseudofolliculitis Barbae

Razor bumps
common in black pop

21

Senile lentigo

Flat, brown areas of skin up to one inch in diameter
Caused by sun exposure

22

Seborrheic Keratosis

AKA aging spots
Very common in elderly
Warty, scaly, hyperpigmented
Do not require tx unless discomfort of cosmetics

23

Actinic Keratosis (AK's)

Premalignant lesions
Low risk of becoming malignant, but 60% of SSC's arise from AK's

24

Verruca Vulgaris

Common wart

25

Difference btw corns and calluses

Corns have a central painful core, calluses do not have core

26

Impetigo

Contagious infxn caused by staph or strep
Yellow-brown crust usually around mouth and nose

27

Impetigo tx

Bactroban ointment

28

Melasma

Pregnancy mask

29

Tinea Corporis

"Ringworm" on body
Topical antifungals to tx
May need oral (fluconazole)

30

Tinea Capitis

On head
Terbinifine, fluconazole
Griseofulvin (safe for kids)

31

Tinea Pedis

Athletes foot
Topical antifungals
Burows solution

32

Tinea Cruris

Miconazole drying powder
Terbinafine cream

33

Tinea versicolor

Pityriasis
Topical selinium sulfide
Ketaconazole shampoo

34

Fifth dz

Slapped cheek
Contagious mild illness

35

Hand-foot-mouth dz

Coxsackie virus
Fever, mouth sores, hand foot rash
NSAIDS, fluids

36

Scarlet fever

Scarlatina
Rash appears 12-48 hrs post fever
Covers tongue, chest, spares face
Bright red, blanches

37

Scarlet fever tx

PCN, zithromax, ceftriaxone
If left untreated can lead to rheumatic dz

38

Roseola infantum

Mild and contagious
Resp illness, followed by high fever for 3-5 days.
Fever ands and small pink flat raised bumps appear on trunk and extremities
Supportive tx

39

Heat rash (Miliaria)

Caused by a baby who is too hot
Small red bumps, dress cooler