Communicable Diseases (Peds 4th Semester ABAC) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Communicable Diseases (Peds 4th Semester ABAC) Deck (36):
1

Incubation Period

Interval between infection or exposure and development of symptoms.

2

Prodromal

Interval between early manifestations and when the actual disease is evident

3

Communicability

Time during which an infectious agent may be transferred directly or indirectly from an infected person.

4

What is the number one way to prevent the spread of diseases?

Hand-washing!

5

Chicken Pox

Begins as macules that progress to papules, vesicles, and then crusts. Virus stays within the body for life and can reappear as Shingles (elderly) LOW grade fever, malaise, anorexia, EXTREMELY PRURITIC SKIN eruptions (macules, papules, vesicles, crusts) Caused by Varicella Zoster Virus Transmission: Contact and Airborne (N-95 Mask)

6

What diseases need AIRBORNE precautions?

Chicken Pox, Tuberculosis, Measles

7

Chicken Pox Communicability?

One (1) day prior to eruption of vesicles to Six (6) days after the first vesicles have crusted.

8

Eruptions continue to develop for 2-3 days. Begin on TRUNK spreading to face and extremities. Lesions may breakout on mucous membranes. Temp rises, and lymphadenopathy may develop.

Chicken Pox

9

How do you control itching for Chicken Pox?

Oral antihistamines (Claritin, Zyrtec) Lotions: calamine (Cetaphil) or any lotion with praxomine

10

Measles

Highly contagious virus appearing as flat, fine erythematous rash (maculopapular) that starts on the face and spreads downward. NEEDS VIT A SUPPLEMENTATION

11

Clinical Manifestations Measles

HIGH grade fever, malise, anorexia. COUGH CONJUNCTIVITIS CORYZA (24hrs later) KOPLIK SPOTS (Irregular red spots with bluish white center) PHOTOPHOBIA

12

After 3-4 days this type of rash/disease becomes brown and desquamation occurs.

Measles

13

What are the recommendations for Vit A when child has measles?

>1 yr 200,000 Int. Units

14

Measles Communicability?

4 days before the rash and 5 days after the rash

15

Mumps Communicability?

Immediately BEFORE and AFTER swelling begins

16

Whats are typical manifestations of Mumps?

Earache, Tenderness and enlargement of the parotid glands (by the ears) =Parotitis Also there can be orchitis (sweeling of one or both testicles) experienced by males

17

How quick does parotitis occur with mumps?

by the 3rd day

18

What are some complications of Mumps?

Deafness, Encephalitis, Meningitis, Epididymo-orchitis (males)

19

What causes Scarlet Fever?

Group A Beta Hemolytic Strep (GABHS)

20

What are some manifestations of scarlet fever?

Abrupt HIGH fever TACHYcardia Swollen Tonsils covered with exudates White Strawberry Tongue (1st day) RED Strawberry Tongue (3rd day) Circumolar Pallor (paleness around the mouth) DESQUAMATION after one week

21

How do you treat Scarlet Fever?

Antibiotics, FULL COURSE

22

What are complications of Scarlet Fever?

Glomuronephritis Rheumatic Fever (Carditis) Sinusitis

23

What are the three stages of Fifth Disease?

Slapped cheek, maculopapular rash, subsides

24

Whats another name for Fifth Disease?

"Slapped Cheek"

25

What are two communicable diseases that demands high contraindication for a pregnant woman?

Fifth Disease or "Slapped Cheek", Rubella (German Measles)

26

Lacey rash is associated with which communicable disease?

Fifth Disease

27

Rubella is the same as

German Measles

28

Rubeola is the same as

Measles

29

What are differences between German vs. Measles?

Measles has a higher fever compared to German Measles, and Rubella's rash is more defined than Rubeola's.

30

What communicable disease is paroxysms associated with?

Whooping Cough

31

Define Paroxysms

Period of short rapid coughing followed by sudden inspirations associated with a high pitched crowing sound

32

What complications are related to Whooping Cough?

Otitis Media, Pneumonia, Atelectasis

33

Child has an extremely pruritic rash that spreads from the trunk to face and the extremities, child has?

Chicken Pox

34

Child has an extremely nonpruritic rash that spreads from the trunk to face and the extremities, child has?

Roseola

35

Child maintains a high temp for 3-4 days and appears well, after the temperature decreases the child develops a nonpruritic rash that lasts 1-2 days.

Roseola

36

Febrile Seizures is a complication for

Roseola