Communism in America and African Americans Flashcards Preview

GCSE History > Communism in America and African Americans > Flashcards

Flashcards in Communism in America and African Americans Deck (19):
1

What political idea were many Americans fearful of?

Communism

2

In what year did a wave of strikes and riots in US industries break out, which convinced Americans that communism was a serious threat?

1919

3

What name was given to the fear of communism that was largely directed at eastern European immigrants?

The Red Scare

4

What is the name given to a person who opposes, and aims to overthrow, all forms of government?

Anarchist

5

In May 1919, how many prominent Americans received bombs through the post?

36

6

What was the name given to the investigation aimed at arresting and deporting anarchists and communists (1919-20)

The Palmer Raid

7

How many migrant victims of the Palmer Raids were informed that they were to be deported from the US?

10,000

8

What were the names of two Italian immigrants who made headlines in 1920?

1. Nicola Sacco
2. Bartolomeo Vanzetti

9

What crimes were Sacco and Vanzetti accused and convicted of committing in a shoe factory in Massachusetts?

Armed robbery ($16,000) and two counts of murder

10

After six years of legal appeals, what was the fate of Sacco and Vanzetti in 1927?

They were executed

11

After the Johnson-Reid Act was introduced in 1924, how many immigrants were allowed into America?

150,000 a year

12

What was the name of the group of laws that enforced racial segregation in southern states?

Jim Crow Laws

13

What African American organisation campaigned to end racial segregation?

NACCP

14

Give three types of evidence there is that African Americans were discriminated against in northern states?

1. Poorer Housing .2.Higher rents .3.Poorer education and health services

15

Name the white supremacy movement that regained popularity from 1915?

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK)

16

What film was produced in 1915 that helped the KKK to gain popularity?

The Birth of a Nation

17

How many members did the KKK have by 1924?

4.5 million

18

What two Americans states had governors who were members of the Klan?

1. Oregan .2. Oklahoma

19

How many African Americans were murdered by lynching between 1919 and 1925?

Over 300