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Flashcards in Component 1 Topic 3 Deck (10):

What is urbanisation?

Urbanisation is the growth in the proportion of a countries population living in urban areas.


Which continents contain the countries that gained a mainly urban population first?

European and north American countries (which are more developed) have urbanised much quicker than countries in asia and Africa who are currently developing at a faster rate, allowing them to start becoming more urbanised.


Which continents are currently have the highest rate of urbanisation?

African and Asian countries currently have the highest rate of urbanisation because European and northern American countries are already mostly urbanised whereas the others are still developing.


What is a megacity?

A megacity is a city that has a population of over 10 million people.


How many megacities were there in 2014 and how many is there predicted to be by 2030?

In 2014 there was 28 megacities and by 2030 there will be 41 megacities.


What is a alpha ++ city?

An alpha ++ city is a city that has a large influence in the world


What is an example of an alpha ++ city?

There is currently only 2 alpha ++ cities, these are new York and London.


Where can you find most megacities around the world?

More than two thirds of current megacities are in developing countries found mainly in Asia, e.g. Jakarta (Indonesia), Karachi (Pakistan), Dhaka (Bangladesh)


What is a world (primary) city?

A world city is a city that has a much bigger importance within the world than their size suggests, e.g. London is very small in size but has a huge importance within the world.


How do world cities influence the global economy? Use London as an example.

London makes many political decisions that can affect people globally. London is one of the biggest financial centres in the world. London has the highest amount of air traffic in the world, meaning people are constantly travelling in and out of the city. Additionally world cities are usually the decision makers within tnc headquaters and big companies. This means they can decide what is produced, what to sell and where to sell.