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Flashcards in Composerinos. Deck (159):
1

 

Austrian, 1732-1809 "Father of the Symphony", wrote more than 109 symphonies. Worked for the Esterhazy family

 

 

Joseph Haydn

 

2

Austrian, 1756-1791 Most famous works: Paris, Prague, Jupiter (symphonies 31, 38, 41) and operas Abduction from the Seraglio, Don Giovanni and The Magic Flute

Wolfgang Mozart

3

Austrian, 1797-1828 More than 600 art songs, famous symphony #8 (The Unfinished), Symphony #9 (The Great) and symphony #10 (the last)

Franz Schubert

4

Austrian, 1825-1899 "Waltz King", best known for "Blue Danube Waltz" and operetta "Die Fledermaus" (the Bat)

Johann Strauss, the younger

5

Austrian, 1860-1911 Lieder (art songs) and song circles. Best known for symphonies like Resurrection, Tragic, Symphony of a Thousand. Believed he would dir after writing 9th symphony, left his symphony unnumbered after #8

Gustav Mahler

6

Austrian, 1874-1951 Created the 12 tone system. Works include Transfigured Knight, Moses and Aaron, A Survivor from Warsaw

Arnold Shoemberg

7

Austrian, 1885-1961 Atonal operas such as Lulu and Wozzeck

Alban Berg

8

Belgian Spent most of life in Paris. Master organist, one of best organ virtuosos w/Bach

Cesar Franck

9

Brazilian Guess him if question mentions Brazilian Composer

Heitor Villa-Lobos

10

Czech (bohemian) 1824-1884 Suffered from Tinnitus, constantly heard a high note. Best known for Ma Vlast, From my Life, The Bartered Bride, The Moldau,

Bedrich Smenata

11

Czech, 1841-1904 Best known for From New World. Other works include Slavonic Dances, Moravian Duets, Stabat Mater and Rusalka(an opera)

Antonin Dvorak

12

Czech, 1854-1928 Best known for Sinfonietta

Leos Janacek

13

English, 1659-1695 Only notable baroque composer. Organist for Westminster Abbey. Also known for operas and semi operas like Dido and Aeneas, The Fairy Queen and Abdelazar

Henry Purcell

14

English, 1857-1934 Best known for Pomp and Circumstance. Early in career, composed for lunatic asylums

Edward Elger

15

English, 1862-1934 BLF: Brigg Fair, On Hearing the First Cuckoo of Spring, A Village Romeo and Juliet

Frederick Delius

16

English, 1872-1958 Related to C Darwin. Major Works: Sinfonia Antarctica, The Sea Symphony, The Lark Ascending, Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis

Ralph Vaughn Williams

17

English, 1874-1934 BKF: The Planets. Influenced by Hinduism, as seen in Songs from the Rig Veda and Savitri

Gustav Holst

18

English 1913-1976 Collaborated w/ poet WH Auden on works like opera Paul Bunyan. Other works: A Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra, operas Peter Grimes, Billy Budd, Turn of the Screw

Benjamin Britten

19

 

Finnish BKF: Finlandia. Also wrote Valse Triste, The Swan of Tuolena

 

 

Jean Silbelius

 

20

French, 1803-1869 Obsession with actress Harriet Smithson inspired Symphonie Fantastique. Other works: Harold in Italy, The Damnation of Faust

Hector Berlioz

21

French, 1818-1893 BKF Faust. Outlier compared to his other works

Charles Gounod

22

French, 1819-1880 Born in Germany w/ Jewish parents, moved to France young. Tales of Hoffman, Orpheus in the Underworld, Robinson Crusoe

Jaques Offenbach

23

French, 1835-1921 Fought in Franco-Prussian war, had public feud with Claude Debussy. Major works: Carnival of the Animals, Dance Macabre, Organ Symphony, opera Samson and Delilah

Camille Saint-Saens

24

BKF The Fair Maid of Perth and The Pearl Fishers. BKOpera: Carmen.

George Bizet

25

French, 1862-1918 Music described as equivalent to "Impressionism", often referred to as "symbolism"

Claude Debussey

26

German, 1653-1706 Baroque composer, BKF Canon is D Major

Johann Pachelbel

27

German, 1685-1750 Long line of Bach family musicians. Noted for contrapuntal technique. Works include St Matthew's Passion, Bradenburg Concertos, The Well-Tenpered Clavier and Goldberg Variations

Johann Sebastian Bach

28

German, 1685-1759 Kapellmeister to George, Elector of Hanover (later George I of England). Water Music, Nero, Xerxes, Almira, The Messiah, Music for Royal Fireworks

George Frideric Handel

29

German, 1714-1787 Music teacher for Marie Antoinette. BLF opera Orpheus and Eurydice

Cristoph Gluck

30

German, 1770-1827 Student of Haydn. Deafness developed because if lead poisoning, typhus and childhood beatings. Works: The Kreutzer Sonata, Fur Elise, Fidelio, The Creatures of Prometheus

Ludwig Van Beethoven

31

German, 1786-1826 Cousin in-law of Mozart. BKF founding German Romantic Opera. Works: Oberon Euryanthe, Die Freischutzu

Carl Maria von Weber

32

German, 1809-1847 Criticized by Wagner in Jewry in Music. Works: Songs Without Words, Hebrides Overture, Italian Symphony, Scottish Symphony, A Midsummer Night's Dream

Felix Mendelssohn

33

German, 1810-1856 Married Clara, daughter of his teacher Fredrich Wieck. Wrote Papillions, Spring Symphony, Rhenish Symphony. Went mad from Hg posioning and syphilis, tried throwing himself into the Rhine

Robert Schumann

34

German, 1813-1883 Married daughterof Franz Liszt. BKF operas Riezi, The Flying Dutchman, Tannhauser, Lohengrin, Parcifal, The Ring of the Nibelung

Richard Wagner

35

 

German, 1833-1897 Close friend of Clara Schumann. Works: Academic Festival Overture, German Requiem, Lullaby (aka Wiegenlied), Hungarian Dances

 

 

Johannes Brahms

 

36

German, 1864-1949 Leader of State Music Bureau for nazi germany, but removed from position bc his views didn't align with the nazi's. Wrote tone poems like Also sprach Zarathustra and Don Quixote, but BKF operas like Salome, Elektra, Der Rosenkavalier, Ariadne auf Naxos

Richard Strauss

37

Armenian, 20th century Best known works are ballets Spartacus and Gayane, which includes the Sabre Dance

Aram Khachaturian

38

Hungarian, 1811-1886 Student of Salieri. Wildly popular. Works include Les Preludes, Faust Symphony, Mephisto Waltz, Totentanz, Hungarian Rhapsodies

Franz Liszt

39

Hungarian, 1881-1945 Primarily interested in folk song, which influenced his compositions. BKF opera Duke Bluebeard's Castle and ballet The Miraculous Mandarin. Also wrote Concerto for Orchestra, Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, and Mikrosmos

Bela Bartok

40

Hungarian, 1882-1967 BKF Hary Janos

Zoltan Kodaly

41

Italian, 1525-1594 Renaissance composer of sacred music. His Pope Marcellus Mass supposedly convinced the council of Trent not to ban polyphonic music.

Giovanni Palestrina

42

Italian, 1567-1643 Wrote Madrigals Books. BKF writing one of first operas ever performed, Orfeo. Also wrote Coronation of Poppaea, The Combat Between Tancred and Clorinda.

Claudio Monteverdi

43

Italian, 1678-1741 Cleric who worked for a girl's orphanage. Nicknamed the Red Priest. BKF The Four Seasons, opera Orlando Furioso

Antonio Vivaldi

44

Italian, 1865-1757 Baroque composer BKF writing more than 550 keyboard sonatas

Domenico Scarlatti

45

Italy, 1782-1840 Violin virtuoso so skilled that people claimed he had a pact with the devil. Commissioned Berlioz's Herold in Italy. BKF La Campanella and 24 Caprices

Niccolo Paganini

46

Italian, 1792-1868 BKF operas The Italian Girl in Algiers; Cinderella; William Tell; Barber of Seville, The Thieving Magpie, Tancredi

Giachino Rossini

47

Italian, 1797-1848 Along with Bellini and Rossini, considered one of the masters of the "bel canto" style. Operas include Don Pasquale; Daughter of the Regiment; The Elixir of Love; Lucretia Borgia, Anne Boleyn; Lucia di Lammermoor

Gaetano Donizetti

48

Italian, 1801-1835 Operas include Norma, La Somnambula, I Puritani and The Capulets and the Montagues

Vincenzo Bellini

49

Italian, 1813-1901 Romantic operatic composer whose works include Ernani, Macbeth, Rigoletto, II Trovatore, La Traviata, Sicilian Vespers, A Masked Ball, The Force of Destiny, Aida, Otello, Falstaff

Giuseppi Verdi

50

Italian, 1858-1924 Prolific composer. Works include Manon Lescaut; La Boheme; Tosca; Madame Butterfly; The Girl of the Golden West; Turnadot

Giacomo Puccini

51

Italian 1863-1945 Alone with Leoncavallo, considered one of the masters of the "verisimo" style. BKF opera Cavalerria Rusticana.

Pietro Mascagini

52

Italian, 1879-1936 BKF Roman Trilogy (Fountains of Rome; Pines of Rome; Roman Festivals). Also wrote Ancient Airs and Dances, and Brazilian Impressions

Ottorino Respighi

53

Norwegian, 1843-1907 Wrote Lyric Pieces, the Holberg Suite, Funeral March in Memory of Rikard Nordraak

Edvard Grieg

54

Polish, 1810-1849 Best known Polish composer. Wrote hundreds of piano pieces, most notably etudes, polonaises and preludes. Long relationship with french writer George Sand

Frederic Chopin

55

Polish, 1860-1941 Notable pianist and composer, but BKF being the prime minister of Poland

Ignacy Jan Padeewski

56

"The Five" - important group of Russian Composers, given their nickname by critic Vladimir Stasov.

Mily Belakirev Cesar Cui Modest Mussorgsky Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Alexander Borodin

57

Russian, 1837-1910 Led 'The Five'. Wrote Islamey; Tamarai

Mily Belakirev

58

Russian, 1835-1918 Best known opera: The Prisoner of the Caucasus. Also wrote children's opera Puss in Boots

Cesar Cui

59

Russian, 1839-1881 Wrote the operas Boris Gudonov Khovanschina; Soroschintsi Fair. Most important orchestral works: Night on Bald Mountain; Pictures at an Exhibition

Modest Mussorgsky

60

Russian, 1844-1908 Naval officer in the Russian Navy. Wrote Scheherazade; Capriccio Espagnol; Russian Easter Festival Overture. Operas include The Snow Maiden; Mozart and Salieri; The Golden Cockerel; The Tale of the Tsar Saltan

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

61

Russian, 1833-1887 Accomplished chemist. Discovered the Aldol reaction while composing in his spare time. BKF In the Steppes of Central Asia; opera Prince Igor

Alexander Borodin

62

Russian, 1804-1857 Considered first important Russian composer. BKF Ruslan and Ludmila; A Life for the Czar

Mikhail Glinka

63

Russian, 1840-1893 Supported by the wealthy widow Nadezhda von Meck. Major works include: The 1812 Overture; Romeo and Juliet. Ballets liks Swan Lake; The Nutcracker; Sleeping Beauty. Operas like Eugene Ogenin; The Queen of Spades. Symphonies like Winter Daydreams; Little Russian; Pathetique.

Peter Tchaikovsky

64

Russian, 1872-1915 Wrote Poem of Fire; Poem of Ecstasy

Alexander Scriabin

65

Russian, 1873-1941 Piano virtuoso with Marfan's Syndrome. BKF Isle of the Dead; Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini; The Bells

Sergei Rachmaninoff

66

Russian, 1882-1971 Wrote some opera (like The Rake's Progress). BKF Ballets such as The Firebird; The Rite of Spring; Pulcinella. Wrote concertos Dumbarton Oaks; The Symphony of Psalms

Igor Stravinsky

67

Russian, 1891-1953 BKF The Love for Three Oranges; Peter and the Wolf. Wrote several other important works like Scythian Suite; The Prodigal Son; Lieutenant Kije Suite; Alexander Nevsky

Sergei Prokofiev

68

Russian, 1906-1975 Perhaps the most important Soviet composer. Operas The Noseri; Lady Macbeth of Mtensk. Wrote symphonies Leningrad; The Year 1905; Babi-yar

Dmitri Shostakovich

69

Spanish, 1860-1909 Catalan composer BKF piano suite Iberia

Isaac Albeniz

70

Spanish, 1876-1946 Important works include Nights in the Gardens of Spain; The Three Cornered Hat

Manuel De Falla

71

American, 1854-1932 Known as the March King. Bandmaster for the Marine Corps. Marches include Semper Fidelis; Stars and Stripes Forever; Washington Post March. Wrote operetta El Capitan.

John Philip Sousa

72

American, 1868-1917 Regime composer BKF Maple Leaf Rag; The Entertainer; ragtime opera Treemonisha

Scott Joplin

73

American, 1874-1954 Connecticut-born composer. Insurance agent. Major works: Concord Sonata; Three Places in New England; Central Park in the Dark

Charles Ives

74

American, 1898-1937 BKF Rhapsody in Blue. Other important works include ballet An American in Paris; Cuban Overture, and opera Porgy and Bess

George Gershwin

75

American, 1900-1990 BKF ballets like Rodeo; Appalachian Spring; Billy the Kid. Other notable works include opera The Tender Land, orchestral works Lincoln Portrait; El Salon Mexico; Fanfare for the common man.

Aaron Copland

76

American, 1910-1981 BKF Adagio for Strings; The School for Scandal and operas Vanessa; A Hand of Bridge

Samuel Barber

77

American, 1912-1992 avant-garde composer BKF his "chance music". Works include Imaginary Landscape; Music of Changes; Number Pieces; 4'33", ASLSP (As SLow aS Possible), a 639-year performance currently in progress in Halberstadt, Germany

John Cage

78

American, 1918-1990 Director of NY Philharmonic. Wrote ballet Fancy Free and symphonies like Jeremiah; Kaddish; The Age of Anxiety. BKF West Side Story

Leonard Bernstein

79

American, 1937-present Minimalist composer noted for operas Einstein on the Beach; Akhnaten; Satyagraha

Phillip Glass

80

American, 1947-present Minimalist composer whose works include operas Nixon in China; The Death of Klinghoffer; Dr. Atomic. Orchestral works include Short Ride in a Fast Machine; On the Transmigration of Souls; The Dharma at Big Sur; Shaker Loops; Phrygian Gates

John Adams

81

Joseph Haydn

 

Austrian, 1732-1809 "Father of the Symphony", wrote more than 109 symphonies. Worked for the Esterhazy family

 

82

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART

Dates

Nationality

Works

1756-1791

Austrian, Most famous works: Paris, Prague, Jupiter (symphonies 31, 38, 41) and operas Abduction from the Seraglio, Don Giovanni, and The Magic Flute

 

83

Franz Schubert

Austrian, 1797-1828 More than 600 art songs, famous symphony #8 (The Unfinished), Symphony #9 (The Great) and symphony #10 (the last)

84

Johann Strauss, the younger

Austrian, 1825-1899 "Waltz King", best known for "Blue Danube Waltz" and operetta "Die Fledermaus" (the Bat)

85

Gustav Mahler

Austrian, 1860-1911 Lieder (art songs) and song circles. Best known for symphonies like Resurrection, Tragic, Symphony of a Thousand. Believed he would dir after writing 9th symphony, left his symphony unnumbered after #8

86

Arnold Shoemberg

Austrian, 1874-1951 Created the 12 tone system. Works include Transfigured Knight, Moses and Aaron, A Survivor from Warsaw

87

Alban Berg

Austrian, 1885-1961 Atonal operas such as Lulu and Wozzeck

88

Cesar Franck

Belgian Spent most of life in Paris. Master organist, one of best organ virtuosos w/Bach

89

Heitor Villa-Lobos

Brazilian Guess him if question mentions Brazilian Composer

90

Bedrich Smenata

Czech (bohemian) 1824-1884 Suffered from Tinnitus, constantly heard a high note. Best known for Ma Vlast, From my Life, The Bartered Bride, The Moldau,

91

Antonin Dvorak

Czech, 1841-1904 Best known for From New World. Other works include Slavonic Dances, Moravian Duets, Stabat Mater and Rusalka(an opera)

92

Leos Janacek

 

Czech, 1854-1928 Best known for Sinfonietta

 

93

Henry Purcell

English, 1659-1695 Only notable baroque composer. Organist for Westminster Abbey. Also known for operas and semi operas like Dido and Aeneas, The Fairy Queen and Abdelazar

94

Edward Elger

English, 1857-1934 Best known for Pomp and Circumstance. Early in career, composed for lunatic asylums

95

Frederick Delius

English, 1862-1934 BLF: Brigg Fair, On Hearing the First Cuckoo of Spring, A Village Romeo and Juliet

96

Ralph Vaughn Williams

English, 1872-1958 Related to C Darwin. Major Works: Sinfonia Antarctica, The Sea Symphony, The Lark Ascending, Fantasia on a Theme of Thomas Tallis

97

Gustav Holst

English, 1874-1934 BKF: The Planets. Influenced by Hinduism, as seen in Songs from the Rig Veda and Savitri

98

Benjamin Britten

English 1913-1976 Collaborated w/ poet WH Auden on works like opera Paul Bunyan. Other works: A Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra, operas Peter Grimes, Billy Budd, Turn of the Screw

99

Jean Silbelius

Finnish BKF: Finlandia. Also wrote Valse Triste, The Swan of Tuolena

100

Hector Berlioz

French, 1803-1869 Obsession with actress Harriet Smithson inspired Symphonie Fantastique. Other works: Harold in Italy, The Damnation of Faust

101

Charles Gounod

French, 1818-1893 BKF Faust. Outlier compared to his other works

102

Jaques Offenbach

French, 1819-1880 Born in Germany w/ Jewish parents, moved to France young. Tales of Hoffman, Orpheus in the Underworld, Robinson Crusoe

103

Camille Saint-Saens

French, 1835-1921 Fought in Franco-Prussian war, had public feud with Claude Debussy. Major works: Carnival of the Animals, Dance Macabre, Organ Symphony, opera Samson and Delilah

104

George Bizet

BKF The Fair Maid of Perth and The Pearl Fishers. BKOpera: Carmen.

105

Claude Debussey

French, 1862-1918 Music described as equivalent to "Impressionism", often referred to as "symbolism"

106

Johann Pachelbel

German, 1653-1706 Baroque composer, BKF Canon is D Major

107

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH

Dates

Nationality

Works (4+)

 

1685-1750

German,

Long line of Bach family musicians. Noted for contrapuntal technique. Works include St Matthew's Passion, Bradenburg Concertos, The Well-Tenpered Clavier and Goldberg Variations

 

108

George Frideric Handel

German, 1685-1759 Kapellmeister to George, Elector of Hanover (later George I of England). Water Music, Nero, Xerxes, Almira, The Messiah, Music for Royal Fireworks

109

Cristoph Gluck

German, 1714-1787 Music teacher for Marie Antoinette. BLF opera Orpheus and Eurydice

110

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

Dates

Nationality

Works 

1770-1827

German, Student of Haydn. Deafness developed because if lead poisoning, typhus and childhood beatings.

Works: The Kreutzer Sonata, Fur Elise, Fidelio, The Creatures of Prometheus

 

111

Carl Maria von Weber

German, 1786-1826 Cousin in-law of Mozart. BKF founding German Romantic Opera. Works: Oberon Euryanthe, Die Freischutzu

112

Felix Mendelssohn

German, 1809-1847 Criticized by Wagner in Jewry in Music. Works: Songs Without Words, Hebrides Overture, Italian Symphony, Scottish Symphony, A Midsummer Night's Dream

113

Robert Schumann

German, 1810-1856 Married Clara, daughter of his teacher Fredrich Wieck. Wrote Papillions, Spring Symphony, Rhenish Symphony. Went mad from Hg posioning and syphilis, tried throwing himself into the Rhine

114

Richard Wagner

German, 1813-1883 Married daughterof Franz Liszt. BKF operas Riezi, The Flying Dutchman, Tannhauser, Lohengrin, Parcifal, The Ring of the Nibelung

115

 

Johannes Brahms

 

 

German, 1833-1897 Close friend of Clara Schumann. Works: Academic Festival Overture, German Requiem, Lullaby (aka Wiegenlied), Hungarian Dances

 

116

Richard Strauss

German, 1864-1949 Leader of State Music Bureau for nazi germany, but removed from position bc his views didn't align with the nazi's. Wrote tone poems like Also sprach Zarathustra and Don Quixote, but BKF operas like Salome, Elektra, Der Rosenkavalier, Ariadne auf Naxos

117

Aram Khachaturian

Armenian, 20th century Best known works are ballets Spartacus and Gayane, which includes the Sabre Dance

118

Franz Liszt

Hungarian, 1811-1886 Student of Salieri. Wildly popular. Works include Les Preludes, Faust Symphony, Mephisto Waltz, Totentanz, Hungarian Rhapsodies

119

Bela Bartok

Hungarian, 1881-1945 Primarily interested in folk song, which influenced his compositions. BKF opera Duke Bluebeard's Castle and ballet The Miraculous Mandarin. Also wrote Concerto for Orchestra, Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, and Mikrosmos

120

Zoltan Kodaly

Hungarian, 1882-1967 BKF Hary Janos

121

Giovanni Palestrina

Italian, 1525-1594 Renaissance composer of sacred music. His Pope Marcellus Mass supposedly convinced the council of Trent not to ban polyphonic music.

122

Claudio Monteverdi

Italian, 1567-1643 Wrote Madrigals Books. BKF writing one of first operas ever performed, Orfeo. Also wrote Coronation of Poppaea, The Combat Between Tancred and Clorinda.

123

Antonio Vivaldi

Italian, 1678-1741 Cleric who worked for a girl's orphanage. Nicknamed the Red Priest. BKF The Four Seasons, opera Orlando Furioso

124

Domenico Scarlatti

Italian, 1865-1757 Baroque composer BKF writing more than 550 keyboard sonatas

125

Niccolo Paganini

Italy, 1782-1840 Violin virtuoso so skilled that people claimed he had a pact with the devil. Commissioned Berlioz's Herold in Italy. BKF La Campanella and 24 Caprices

126

Giachino Rossini

Italian, 1792-1868 BKF operas The Italian Girl in Algiers; Cinderella; William Tell; Barber of Seville, The Thieving Magpie, Tancredi

127

Gaetano Donizetti

Italian, 1797-1848 Along with Bellini and Rossini, considered one of the masters of the "bel canto" style. Operas include Don Pasquale; Daughter of the Regiment; The Elixir of Love; Lucretia Borgia, Anne Boleyn; Lucia di Lammermoor

128

Vincenzo Bellini

Italian, 1801-1835 Operas include Norma, La Somnambula, I Puritani and The Capulets and the Montagues

129

Giuseppi Verdi

Italian, 1813-1901 Romantic operatic composer whose works include Ernani, Macbeth, Rigoletto, II Trovatore, La Traviata, Sicilian Vespers, A Masked Ball, The Force of Destiny, Aida, Otello, Falstaff

130

Giacomo Puccini

Italian, 1858-1924 Prolific composer. Works include Manon Lescaut; La Boheme; Tosca; Madame Butterfly; The Girl of the Golden West; Turnadot

131

Pietro Mascagini

Italian 1863-1945 Alone with Leoncavallo, considered one of the masters of the "verisimo" style. BKF opera Cavalerria Rusticana.

132

Ottorino Respighi

Italian, 1879-1936 BKF Roman Trilogy (Fountains of Rome; Pines of Rome; Roman Festivals). Also wrote Ancient Airs and Dances, and Brazilian Impressions

133

Edvard Grieg

Norwegian, 1843-1907 Wrote Lyric Pieces, the Holberg Suite, Funeral March in Memory of Rikard Nordraak

134

Frederic Chopin

Polish, 1810-1849 Best known Polish composer. Wrote hundreds of piano pieces, most notably etudes, polonaises and preludes. Long relationship with french writer George Sand

135

Mily Belakirev Cesar Cui Modest Mussorgsky Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Alexander Borodin

"The Five" - important group of Russian Composers, given their nickname by critic Vladimir Stasov.

136

Mily Belakirev

Russian, 1837-1910 Led 'The Five'. Wrote Islamey; Tamarai

137

Cesar Cui

Russian, 1835-1918 Best known opera: The Prisoner of the Caucasus. Also wrote children's opera Puss in Boots

138

Modest Mussorgsky

Russian, 1839-1881 Wrote the operas Boris Gudonov Khovanschina; Soroschintsi Fair. Most important orchestral works: Night on Bald Mountain; Pictures at an Exhibition

139

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Russian, 1844-1908 Naval officer in the Russian Navy. Wrote Scheherazade; Capriccio Espagnol; Russian Easter Festival Overture. Operas include The Snow Maiden; Mozart and Salieri; The Golden Cockerel; The Tale of the Tsar Saltan

140

Alexander Borodin

Russian, 1833-1887 Accomplished chemist. Discovered the Aldol reaction while composing in his spare time. BKF In the Steppes of Central Asia; opera Prince Igor

141

Mikhail Glinka

Russian, 1804-1857 Considered first important Russian composer. BKF Ruslan and Ludmila; A Life for the Czar

142

Peter Tchaikovsky

Russian, 1840-1893 Supported by the wealthy widow Nadezhda von Meck. Major works include: The 1812 Overture; Romeo and Juliet. Ballets liks Swan Lake; The Nutcracker; Sleeping Beauty. Operas like Eugene Ogenin; The Queen of Spades. Symphonies like Winter Daydreams; Little Russian; Pathetique.

143

Alexander Scriabin

Russian, 1872-1915 Wrote Poem of Fire; Poem of Ecstasy

144

Sergei Rachmaninoff

Russian, 1873-1941 Piano virtuoso with Marfan's Syndrome. BKF Isle of the Dead; Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini; The Bells

145

Igor Stravinsky

Russian, 1882-1971 Wrote some opera (like The Rake's Progress). BKF Ballets such as The Firebird; The Rite of Spring; Pulcinella. Wrote concertos Dumbarton Oaks; The Symphony of Psalms

146

Sergei Prokofiev

Russian, 1891-1953 BKF The Love for Three Oranges; Peter and the Wolf. Wrote several other important works like Scythian Suite; The Prodigal Son; Lieutenant Kije Suite; Alexander Nevsky

147

Dmitri Shostakovich

Russian, 1906-1975 Perhaps the most important Soviet composer. Operas The Noseri; Lady Macbeth of Mtensk. Wrote symphonies Leningrad; The Year 1905; Babi-yar

148

Isaac Albeniz

Spanish, 1860-1909 Catalan composer BKF piano suite Iberia

149

Manuel De Falla

Spanish, 1876-1946 Important works include Nights in the Gardens of Spain; The Three Cornered Hat

150

John Philip Sousa

American, 1854-1932 Known as the March King. Bandmaster for the Marine Corps. Marches include Semper Fidelis; Stars and Stripes Forever; Washington Post March. Wrote operetta El Capitan.

151

Scott Joplin

American, 1868-1917 Regime composer BKF Maple Leaf Rag; The Entertainer; ragtime opera Treemonisha

152

Charles Ives

American, 1874-1954 Connecticut-born composer. Insurance agent. Major works: Concord Sonata; Three Places in New England; Central Park in the Dark

153

George Gershwin

American, 1898-1937 BKF Rhapsody in Blue. Other important works include ballet An American in Paris; Cuban Overture, and opera Porgy and Bess

154

Aaron Copland

American, 1900-1990 BKF ballets like Rodeo; Appalachian Spring; Billy the Kid. Other notable works include opera The Tender Land, orchestral works Lincoln Portrait; El Salon Mexico; Fanfare for the common man.

155

Samuel Barber

American, 1910-1981 BKF Adagio for Strings; The School for Scandal and operas Vanessa; A Hand of Bridge

156

John Cage

American, 1912-1992 avant-garde composer BKF his "chance music". Works include Imaginary Landscape; Music of Changes; Number Pieces; 4'33", ASLSP (As SLow aS Possible), a 639-year performance currently in progress in Halberstadt, Germany

157

Leonard Bernstein

American, 1918-1990 Director of NY Philharmonic. Wrote ballet Fancy Free and symphonies like Jeremiah; Kaddish; The Age of Anxiety. BKF West Side Story

158

Phillip Glass

American, 1937-present Minimalist composer noted for operas Einstein on the Beach; Akhnaten; Satyagraha

159

John Adams

American, 1947-present Minimalist composer whose works include operas Nixon in China; The Death of Klinghoffer; Dr. Atomic. Orchestral works include Short Ride in a Fast Machine; On the Transmigration of Souls; The Dharma at Big Sur; Shaker Loops; Phrygian Gates