COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH ASSESSMENT - INJURY PREVENTION & CONTROL Flashcards

1
Q

purpose of conducting a health assessment

A

To collect subjective and objective data about the person to determine their overall level of health within the five domains - physical (biological), psychological, sociocultural (spiritual), environmental and politico economic

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2
Q

2 components of health assessment

A

Health history and physical assessment.

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3
Q

what is the difference between each type of data collection

A

Subjective data are symptoms, so information that is experienced or known only by the person, such as a description of pain and this information is gathered verbally.
Objective data (signs or clinical manifestations) are information that are directly observed or are elicited through examination techniques, e.g. vital signs, GCS

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4
Q

What are the components of a health history?

A
  • Biographical data
    • Reason for seeking healthcare
    • History of present health concern
    • Health history
    • Family history
    • Lifestyle
    • Psychosocial
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5
Q

What are the four primary assessment techniques when conducting a physical assessment?

A
  • Inspection (look)
    • Palpation (feel)
    • Percussion (Striking the body part)
    • Auscultation (listen)
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6
Q

Should you perform percussion/palpation or auscultation first?

A

Auscultation should be performed first as percussion and palpation can generate additional sounds, particularly during abdominal assessment.

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7
Q

What are some of the things you would consider before beginning a physical examination?

A
  • Create a safe environment
    • Hand hygiene
    • Consider stand precautions and transmission-based precautions
    • Type(s) of PPE required
    • Equipment that you will need (e.g. stethoscope, sphygmomanometer, pen light, otoscope, etc.)
    • Gain consent from the patient
    • Introduce yourself and role and establish rapport with the patient
    • Explain procedure(s) to the patient
    • Positioning of the patient
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