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0

Ionic Bond

Non-metal - Metal

1

Covalent

Non-Metal - Non-Metal

2

Naming Covelent

Element name and more electronegative atom with -ide suffix. Use Mono, di, tri, etc.

3

Naming Ionic

Cation-element name; anion + -ide,-ate, -ite suffix. Does not use mono, di, tri, etc. Number of atoms inferred by charge.

4

Which type of bond has lattice energy?

Ionic

5

What does the strength of the lattice energy depend on??

Charge on ion and ion size. Example: MgO>NaF and NaF>KF

6

How does lattice energy affect boiling point??

The greater the lattice energy, the higher the melting point

7

Which type of bond uses polar, non-polar??

Covalent bond

8

How do you determine if a compound is polar or non-polar??

Bond polarity is determined by the difference in electronegativity of atoms forming the bond. A difference of greater than 0.5 give the bond polarity

9

What type of bonds are formed with polar compounds?

Dipole-dipole and H-bonds

10

What type of bonds are formed with non-polar bonds??

London dispersion forces and induced dipole-induced dipole

11

What does the strength of polar bonds depend on??

Polarity of bond, size of atom, i.e. charge and distance

12

what does the strength of non-polar bonds depend on??

size and shape of molecules

13

What is a Dipole-dipole bond?

type of polar bond; also the stronger the d-d force, the higher the boiling point

14

What is an H-bond?

Hydrogen attacted to an F, O, N, or C. High boiling point.