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Flashcards in Conditions Deck (38):
1

Name the conditions for an alkane to form a haloalkane

UV light and halogen

2

Name the conditions for an alkene to form an alkane

hydrogen gas, a nickel catalyst and 150°c

3

Name the conditions for a haloalkane to form an alcohol

Warm, sodium hydroxide, H₂0, under reflux

4

Name the conditions for an alcohol to form a haloalkane

Sodium (halogen), sulphuric acid and 20°c

5

Name the conditions for an alcohol to form an alkene

Concentrated sulphuric acid and 170°c

6

Name the conditions for an alkene to form an alcohol

H₂O (g), H₃PO₄, 300°c, and 60-70 atm

7

Name the conditions for a haloalkane to form a nitrile

Potassium cyanide, in ethanol, and under reflux

8

Name the conditions for a haloalkane to form an amine

Excess ethanolic ammonia, and heated in a sealed vessel.

9

Name the conditions for an alcohol to form an ester

Carboxylic acid, acid catalyst, and heat

10

Name the conditions for a primary alcohol to form a carboxylic acid.

K₂Cr₂O₇, H₂SO₄, heat, and under reflux

11

Name the conditions for a primary alcohol to form an aldehyde.

K₂Cr₂O₇, H₂SO₄, heat and under distillation

12

Name the conditions for a secondary alcohol to form a ketone

K₂Cr₂O₇, H₂SO₄, and heat

13

Name the conditions for a ketone to form a secondary alcohol

NaBH₄, and water

14

Name the conditions for a ketone to form a hydroxynitrile

HCN

15

Name the conditions for a hydroxynitrile to form a carboxylic acid

Dilute HCl, and under reflux

16

Name the conditions for an ester to form a carboxylic acid

Dilute acid/alkali, under reflux

17

Name the conditions for a nitrile to form a carboxylic acid

Dilute HCl under reflux

18

Name the conditions for a carboxylic acid to form an acyl chloride

SOCl₂

19

Name the conditions for an acyl chloride to form a carboxylic acid

Cold H₂0

20

Name the conditions for an acyl chloride to form an ester

Alcohol and 20°c

21

Name the conditions for an acyl chloride to form a primary amide

NH₃ and 20°c

22

Name the conditions for an acyl chloride to form a secondary amide

Amine and 20°c

23

Name the conditions for an ester to form a carboxylate

Alcohol, acid catalyst and heat

24

Name the conditions for benzene to form a halobenzene

(Halogen)₂ AlCl₃ and warm

25

Name the conditions for benzene to form a nitrobenzene

Concentrated HNO₃, concentrated H₂SO₄ and warm (below 55°c)

26

Name the conditions for benzene to form methyl-benzene

Haloalkane, AlCl₃ catalyst and under reflux

27

Name the conditions for benzene to form phenol (+ketone)

Acyl chloride, AlCl₃ catalyst and under reflux

28

Name the conditions for nitrobenzene to form phenolamine

Sn, concentrated HCl, under reflux and NaOH

29

Name the conditions for phenolamine to form 2,4,6-Tribromo-phenolamine

Br₂

30

Name the conditions for phenol to form nitrophenol

Dilute HNO₃ and 20°c

31

Name the conditions for phenol to form 2,4,6-Tribromophenol

Br₂

32

Name the conditions for a nitrile to form an amine

LiAlH₄, dry ether and dilute acid

33

Name the conditions for a hydroxynitrile to form an amine

LiAlH₄, and dilute acid

34

Name the conditions for a peptide link to break

5M of HCl for 24 hours and 110°c

35

Name the conditions for an aldehyde to form a carboxylic acid

K₂Cr₂O₇, H₂SO₄, under reflux

36

Name the conditions for an alkene to form a haloalkane

Halogen and 20°c

37

Name the conditions for an aldehyde to form a primary alcohol

NaBH₄, and water

38

Name the conditions for an aldehyde to form a hydroxynitrile

HCN